We present a theoretical and experimental H-2 NMR study of the effect of external magnetic fields on the supramolecular organization of chiral smectic liquid-crystalline mesophases, such as SmC* and re-entrant SmC*. Three experimental cases in which the supramolecular helical structure of the smectic C* phase is unwound by a magnetic field (H), parallel to the helical axes of I this phase, are discussed in detail. Unwinding of the helical structure is described by using a theoretical model based on the Landau-de Gennes theory, which allows us to explain the transition temperatures among the SmA, SmC*, and uSmC* phases. The energy-density behavior in the vicinity of the transitions and the value of the critical magnetic field H, for unwinding the helical structure are discussed by applying this model to three ferroelectric smectogens (MBHB, 11EB1M7, ZLL7/*), which are studied by H-2 NMR spectroscopy at different magnetic fields (from 2.4 to 9.4 Tesla). Furthermore, the tilt angle of the three smectogens in the SmC* phase has been directly evaluated, for the first time, by comparing the quadrupolar splittings at different magnetic fields. In one Case, H-2 NMR angular measurements are used to obtain the tilt angle in the re-entrant smectic C phase.
|Autori:||DOMENICI V; MARINI A; VERACINI C; ZHANG J; DONG R.Y|
|Titolo:||Effect of Magnetic Field on the Supramolecular Structure of Chiral Smectic C Phases: 2H NMR Studies|
|Anno del prodotto:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/cphc.200700307|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|