A 3D planar inverted F-antenna (PIFA) is proposed for a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver. The antenna is designed to be integrated in a portable device and must meet compact size requirements. The 3D PIFA consists of a single metal sheet properly cut and bent in order to minimize costs for realization, materials and series production. The linearly polarized antenna exhibits good impedance matching performance, wide beam radiation patterns and a relatively high gain, which allow the reception from a wide angle toward the satellite constellation. An antenna prototype has been embedded in a commercial GPS receiver and an experimental measurement campaign has been carried out to evaluate the most important performance parameters. Measurements have been performed out by collecting time sweeps signal samples along urban and suburban routes. Time to first fix, carrier to noise ratio distribution and horizontal dilution of precision have been calculated; these parameters are shown and discussed. Comparisons with respect to some reference circularly polarized antennas (a nearly square patch and a quadrifilar helix antenna) and to a simpler inverted-F antenna printed on the receiver PCB have been performed and are shown in the paper

A Low-Profile Linearly Polarized 3D PIFA for Handheld GPS Terminals

NEPA, PAOLO;MANARA, GIULIANO;
2010

Abstract

A 3D planar inverted F-antenna (PIFA) is proposed for a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver. The antenna is designed to be integrated in a portable device and must meet compact size requirements. The 3D PIFA consists of a single metal sheet properly cut and bent in order to minimize costs for realization, materials and series production. The linearly polarized antenna exhibits good impedance matching performance, wide beam radiation patterns and a relatively high gain, which allow the reception from a wide angle toward the satellite constellation. An antenna prototype has been embedded in a commercial GPS receiver and an experimental measurement campaign has been carried out to evaluate the most important performance parameters. Measurements have been performed out by collecting time sweeps signal samples along urban and suburban routes. Time to first fix, carrier to noise ratio distribution and horizontal dilution of precision have been calculated; these parameters are shown and discussed. Comparisons with respect to some reference circularly polarized antennas (a nearly square patch and a quadrifilar helix antenna) and to a simpler inverted-F antenna printed on the receiver PCB have been performed and are shown in the paper
SERRA A., A; Nepa, Paolo; Manara, Giuliano; Massini, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/173601
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