Gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT) is a cell membrane enzyme involved in the hydrolysis and uptake of extracellular glutathione. Histochemically detectable GGT has been shown in several human neoplasms. However, few studies have addressed the quantitative biochemical assessment of GGT activity in human tumors, and the importance of GGT activity in human tumor biology remains to be elucidated. The aim of the present study was to assess biochemically GGT enzyme activity in human ovarian surgical biopsies. GGT activity was assayed in homogenates of surgical samples of ovarian tumors and compared with the clinical data of the patients in order to establish: a) the level of tumor GGT activity, b) its correlation with other clinical parameters of the neoplasms, c) the possibility of the induction in vivo of GGT after anticancer platinum-based therapy, since some of the patients were pretreated. The results indicated that ovarian tumor expresses biochemically relevant GGT activity. The sensitive method used in this study allowed the quantitative evaluation of enzyme activity in all samples examined, showing that GGT activity values in ovarian carcinoma samples were extremely variable among the different subjects, both in untreated neoplasms (6.2 +/- 5.4 mU/mg protein) and in second-look laparotomy biopsies following platinum-based therapy (4.7 +/- 3.8 mU/mg protein). The mean GGT activity in benign ovarian tumors was lower than that in malignant tumors. No significant correlation was found between GGT activity and patient characteristics (tumor stage, age of patients, serum CA125, TAG-72, and GGT levels). However, the biological and pharmacological relevance of GGT expression remain to be elucidated in a large series of tumors.
|Autori:||Paolicchi A; Pompella A; Tonarelli P; Gadducci A; Genazzani AR; Zunino F; Pratesi G; Tongiani R|
|Titolo:||Gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase activity in human ovarian carcinoma.|
|Anno del prodotto:||1996|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|