Bioartificial polymeric materials, based on blends of polysaccharides with synthetic polymers such as poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA), were prepared as films or hydrogels. The physico-chemical, mechanical, and biological properties of these materials were investigated by different techniques such as differential scanning calorimetry, dynamic mechanical thermal analysis, scanning electron microscopy, and in vitro release tests, with the aim of evaluating the miscibility of the polymer blends and to establish their potential applications. The results indicate that while dextran is perfectly miscible with PAA, dextran/PVA, chitosan/PVA, starch/PVA, and gellan/PVA blends behave mainly as two-phase systems, although interactions can occur between the components. Cross-linked starch/PVA films could be employed as dialysis membranes: they showed transport properties comparable to, and in some cases better than, those of currently used commercial membranes. Hydrogels based on dextran/PVA and chitosan/PVA blends could find applications as delivery systems. They appeared able to release physiological amounts of human growth hormone, offering the possibility to modulate the release of the drug by varying the content of the: biological component.
|Autori:||CASCONE M.G.; BARBANI N.; CRISTALLINI C.; GIUSTI P; CIARDELLI G.; LAZZERI L.|
|Titolo:||Bioartificial Polymeric Materials based on Polysaccharides|
|Anno del prodotto:||2001|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1163/156856201750180807|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|