The thermal stability and decomposition products of hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD), a widely used aliphatic brominated flame retardant, were investigated. HBCD thermal degradation was carried out in nitrogen and in air at moderate heating rates (10 degreesC/min) using thermogravimetric analyzers and a laboratory-scale fixed-bed reactor. The identification of decomposition products was based mainly on FTIR and gas-chromatographic/mass-spectrometric techniques. Quantitative data on hydrogen bromide formation and on the bromine distribution among the different product fractions were obtained. For the experimental conditions used in this study, about 75 wt % of the bromine is released as HBr, and 25 wt % is involved in the formation of high-molecular-weight bromo-organic compounds. The main pathways of HBCD thermal degradation were assessed, and a global mechanism for HBCD decomposition was proposed.
|Autori:||Barontini F; Cozzani V; Petarca L|
|Titolo:||Thermal stability and decomposition products of hexabromocyclododecane|
|Anno del prodotto:||2001|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/ie001002v|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|