Samples from feline normal, dysplastic, and neoplastic mammary tissues were used to investigate the usefulness of MIB-1 labeling index (MIB-1 I) as a prognostic indicator. Forty-eight queens bearing invasive carcinomas were included in a 2-year follow-up study. Mammary lesions were classified according to the World Health Organization system, and invasive carcinomas were further graded on the basis of the degree of tubule formation, the degree of nuclear and cellular pleomorphism, and mitotic count. Additional sections were immunostained using MIB-1 antibody, and MIB-1 I was expressed as a percentage of positive nuclei. In normal mammary gland tissues, the mean MIB-1 I was <1%. A low proliferation rate was found in all mammary adenosis and in situ carcinomas, and the highest rates were observed in feline mammary hypertrophy and invasive carcinomas. Twenty-one (43.7%) of the queens bearing invasive carcinomas were still alive at the end of the trial, and 27 (56.2%) had died. The MIB-1 I was not significantly correlated with clinical outcome, age, histologic type, or grading of the tumors, but a borderline correlation was observed with invasion of lymphatic vessels. Univariate analysis showed that high MIB-1 I was also not associated with decreased overall survival, whereas the grading system of the tumors had high predictive value (P = 0.0040) for postsurgery survival. The lack of correlation between MIB-1 I and postsurgery survival suggests that this marker alone is not sufficient to determine a correct prognosis in feline mammary carcinomas, even if it is a useful proliferation marker.
|Autori:||Millanta F; Lazzeri G; Mazzei M; Vannozzi I; Poli A|
|Titolo:||MIB-1 Labeling index in feline dysplastic and neoplastic mammary lesions and its relationship with postsurgical prognosis|
|Anno del prodotto:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1354/vp.39-1-120|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|