It is well known that a monochromatic X-ray source with an energy optimized for the organ thickness to be imaged could result in a better image quality in transmission radiology. In this paper we present the preliminary investigation for the implementation of this technique in computer tomography (CT) imaging. The detection system is based on a 1 mm thick silicon pixel detector bump bonded to a VLSI read-out, Medipix2. This detector ensures a good detection efficiency (46%) in the used energy range (60 kVp) with a good spatial resolution that arises from a 55 mu m square pixel. The Medipix2 read-out electronics is not only a single photon counting system, but has also the capability of dual-energy threshold, that allows us to detect only photons that are in a chosen energy window. In this paper we present the results obtained in CT imaging of small samples, by selecting various energy windows within a standard X-ray tube spectrum so as to maximize the differentiation between significant attenuation coefficients. This study is preliminary for a future development of a dual-energy CT that could add functional information to the morphological information that is obtained in a CT examination. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Preliminary study of the advantages of X-ray energy selection in CT imaging

ROSSO, VALERIA;BELCARI, NICOLA;BISOGNI, MARIA GIUSEPPINA;DEL GUERRA, ALBERTO;DELOGU, PASQUALE;STEFANINI, ARNALDO
2007

Abstract

It is well known that a monochromatic X-ray source with an energy optimized for the organ thickness to be imaged could result in a better image quality in transmission radiology. In this paper we present the preliminary investigation for the implementation of this technique in computer tomography (CT) imaging. The detection system is based on a 1 mm thick silicon pixel detector bump bonded to a VLSI read-out, Medipix2. This detector ensures a good detection efficiency (46%) in the used energy range (60 kVp) with a good spatial resolution that arises from a 55 mu m square pixel. The Medipix2 read-out electronics is not only a single photon counting system, but has also the capability of dual-energy threshold, that allows us to detect only photons that are in a chosen energy window. In this paper we present the results obtained in CT imaging of small samples, by selecting various energy windows within a standard X-ray tube spectrum so as to maximize the differentiation between significant attenuation coefficients. This study is preliminary for a future development of a dual-energy CT that could add functional information to the morphological information that is obtained in a CT examination. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Rosso, Valeria; Belcari, Nicola; Bisogni, MARIA GIUSEPPINA; Carpentieri, C; DEL GUERRA, Alberto; Delogu, Pasquale; Mettivier, G; Montesi, Mc; Panetta, D; Quattrocchi, M; Russo, P; Stefanini, Arnaldo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/179568
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