The increasing complexity of the artificial implementations of biological systems, such as the so-called electronic noses (e-noses) and tongues (e-tongues), poses issues in sensory feature extraction and fusion, drift compensation and pattern recognition, especially when high reliability is required. In particular, in order to achieve effective results, the pattern recognition system must be carefully designed. In order to investigate a novel biomimetic approach for the pattern recognition module of such systems, the classification capabilities of an artificial model inspired by the mammalian cortex, a cortical-based artificial neural network (CANN), are compared with several artificial neural networks present in the e-nose and e-tongue literature, a multilayer perceptron (MLP), a Kohonen self-organizing map (KSOM) and a fuzzy Kohonen self-organizing map (FKSOM). Each network was tested with large datasets coming from a conducting polymer-sensor-based e-nose and a composite array-based e-tongue. The comparison of results showed that the CANN model is able to strongly enhance the performances of both systems

Assessment of Bioinspired Models for Pattern Recognition in Biomimetic Systems

DI FRANCESCO, FABIO;AHLUWALIA, ARTI DEVI;DE ROSSI, DANILO EMILIO
2008

Abstract

The increasing complexity of the artificial implementations of biological systems, such as the so-called electronic noses (e-noses) and tongues (e-tongues), poses issues in sensory feature extraction and fusion, drift compensation and pattern recognition, especially when high reliability is required. In particular, in order to achieve effective results, the pattern recognition system must be carefully designed. In order to investigate a novel biomimetic approach for the pattern recognition module of such systems, the classification capabilities of an artificial model inspired by the mammalian cortex, a cortical-based artificial neural network (CANN), are compared with several artificial neural networks present in the e-nose and e-tongue literature, a multilayer perceptron (MLP), a Kohonen self-organizing map (KSOM) and a fuzzy Kohonen self-organizing map (FKSOM). Each network was tested with large datasets coming from a conducting polymer-sensor-based e-nose and a composite array-based e-tongue. The comparison of results showed that the CANN model is able to strongly enhance the performances of both systems
G., Pioggia; M., Ferro; DI FRANCESCO, Fabio; Ahluwalia, ARTI DEVI; DE ROSSI, DANILO EMILIO
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/180587
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