Cotton fibers were modified by surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization of ethyl acrylate (EA) followed by copolymerization with styrene. Either ethyl 2-bromopropionate as a sacrificial free initiator or Cu(II) as a deactivator was used to optimize the EA grafting yield and to preserve the livingness of the chain ends for the subsequent growth of a poly(styrene) (PSty) block from the poly(ethyl acrylate) (PEA) grafts. The polymer-encapsulated cotton fibers were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis, and solid-state NMR (high-resolution C-13 cross-polarization magic angle spinning, H-1 spin-lattice relaxation times, and H-1 free induction decay analysis NMR). The latter allowed the detection of the dynamic modifications associated with the presence of homo- and block copolymer grafts. In particular, the results of the DSC and NMR investigations suggest a heterogeneous morphology of the g-PEA-b-PSty grafted skin, which could be described as an inner layer of g-PEA sandwiched between the semicrystalline cellulose of the core fiber and the high glass transition temperature PSty of the covalently linked outer layer. Such morphology results in a reduced molecular mobility of the PEA chains.
|Autori:||Castelvetro V; Geppi M; Giaiacopi S; Mollica G|
|Titolo:||Cotton fibers encapsulated with homo- and block copolymers: Synthesis by the atom transfer radical polymerization grafting-from technique and solid-state NMR dynamic investigations|
|Anno del prodotto:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/bm060602w|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|