This research was performed to assess the potential of cereal/legume intercropping to enhance forage yield and quality when compared with cereal sole crops under the constrains imposed by UE organic farming regulations. Sole crops (SC) and intercrops (IC) of two winter cereals, barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.), and two legumes, white lupin (Lupinus albus L.) and common vetch (Vicia sativa L.), were evaluat- ed at two harvest times for dry matter yield (DMY), crude protein concentration (CPC), and nitrogen yield (NY). Yield values and dry matter concentration (DMC) were generally higher when cereals were at the hard dough com- pared to the late milk stage. On average, intercropping increased forage yield by 72%, NY by 190%, and CPC by 40 g kg-1, compared to cereal sole crops, but the choice of legume species affected the yield advantage and the com- position of forage. Land equivalent ratio (LER) of intercrops was always higher than 1, ranging from 1.39 to 1.61. Intercropping also enhanced weed suppression, compared to sole crop.
|Autori interni:||MARIOTTI, MARCO|
|Autori:||MARIOTTI M; MASONI A; ERCOLI L; ARDUINI I|
|Titolo:||Forage potential of winter cereal/legume intercrops in organic farming|
|Anno del prodotto:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.4081/ija.2006.403|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|