We establish a bijective correspondence between the set T(n) of 3-dimensional triangulations with n tetrahedra and a certain class H(n) of relative handlebodies (i.e. handlebodies with boundary loops, as defined by Johannson) of genus n+1. We show that the manifolds in H(n) are hyperbolic (with geodesic boundary, and cusps corresponding to the loops), have least possible volume, and simplest boundary loops. Mirroring the elements of H(n) in their geodesic boundary we obtain a class D(n) of cusped hyperbolic manifolds, previously considered by D. Thurston and the first named author. We show that also D(n) corresponds bijectively to T(n), and we study some Dehn fillings of the manifolds in D(n). As consequences of our constructions, we also show that: - A triangulation of a 3-manifold is uniquely determined up to isotopy by its 1-skeleton; - If a 3-manifold M has an ideal triangulation with edges of valence at least 6, then M is hyperbolic and the edges are homotopically non-trivial, whence homotopic to geodesics; - Every finite group G is the isometry group of a closed hyperbolic 3-manifold with volume less than a constant times |G|^9.
|Autori:||COSTANTINO F; FRIGERIO R; MARTELLI B; PETRONIO C|
|Titolo:||Triangulations of 3-manifolds, hyperbolic relative handlebodies, and Dehn filling|
|Anno del prodotto:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.4171/CMH/114|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|