The equilibria and kinetics of the interaction of the Zn(II) and Cu(II) complexes of the macrocyclic polyamine 2,5,8,11-tetraaza-(2,9)[1,10]-phenanthrolinophane (Neotrien) with calf thymus DNA have been investigated at pH = 7.0 and T = 25 degreesC by spectrophotometry, spectrofluorimetry and stopped-flow method. At low dye/polymer ratios both complexes bind to DNA according to the excluded site model. At high dye/polymer ratios the binding displays cooperative features. The logarithm of the binding constant depends linearly on - log[NaCl]. The kinetic results suggest the D + S reversible arrow D, S reversible arrow DS mechanism where the metal complexes (D) react with the DNA sites (S) leading to fast formation of an externally bound form (D, S) which, in turn, is converted into internally bound complex (DS) by intercalation. The binding constants, evaluated as ratios of rate constants, agree with those obtained from equilibrium binding experiments, thus confirming the validity of the proposed model. Fluorescence titrations, where the metal-Neotrien complexes were added to DNA previously saturated with ethidium bromide (EB), show that both complexes displace EB from the DNA cavities. The reverse process, i.e. the addition of excess ethidium to the DNA/metal Neotrien systems, leads to fluorescence recovery for DNA/ZnNeotrien but not for DNA/CuNeotrien. This observation suggests that the binding of CuNeotrien induces deep alterations in the DNA structure. Experiments with Poly(dA-dT) . Poly(dA-dT) and Poly(dG-dC) . Poly(dG-dC) reveal that CuNeotrien mainly affects the structure of the latter polynucleotide. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Autori interni:||BIVER, TARITA|
TINE', MARIA ROSARIA
|Autori:||T. BIVER; F. SECCO; M.R. TINE; VENTURINI M; A. BENCINI; A. BIANCHI; C. GIORGI|
|Titolo:||Intercalation of Zn(II) and Cu(II) complexes of the cyclic polyamine Neotrien into DNA: equilibria and kinetics|
|Anno del prodotto:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2004.06.005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|