We report experimental results on the dynamics and phase evolution of Bose-Einstein condensates in 1D optical lattices. The dynamical behavior is studied by adiabatically loading the condensate into the lattice and subsequently switching off the magnetic trap. In this case, the condensate is free to expand inside the periodic structure of the optical lattice. The phase evolution of the condensate, on the other hand, can be studied by nonadiabatically switching on the periodic potential. We observe decays and revivals of the interference pattern after a time of flight.
|Autori:||O. MORSCH; M. CRISTIANI; J.H.MULLER; D. CIAMPINI; ARIMONDO E|
|Titolo:||Dynamics and phase evolution of Bose-Einstein condensates in one-dimensional optical lattices|
|Anno del prodotto:||2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|