We have previously obtained a new type 2 diabetic syndrome in adult rats given streptozotocin and nicotinamide, characterized by reduced beta-cell mass, partially preserved insulin response to glucose and tolbutamide and excessive responsiveness to arginine. We have also established that the neuronal isoform of constitutive NO synthase (nNOS) is expressed in beta-cells and modulates insulin secretion. In this study, we explored the kinetics of glucose- and arginine-stimulated insulin release in perifused isolated islets as well as the effect of N-omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), a NOS inhibitor, to get insight into the possible mechanisms responsible for the arginine hypersensitivity observed in vitro in this and other models of type 2 diabetes. A reduced first phase and a blunted second phase of insulin secretion were observed upon glucose stimulation of diabetic islets, confirming previous data in the isolated perfused rat pancreas. Exposure of diabetic islets to 10 mM arginine, in the presence of 2.8 mM glucose, elicited a remarkable monophasic increment in insulin release, which peaked at 639 +/- 31 pg/islet/min as compared to 49 +/- 18 pg/islet/min in control islets (P << 0.01). The addition of L-NAME to control islets markedly enhanced the insulin response to arginine, as expected from the documented inhibitory effect exerted by nNOS activity in normal beta-cells, whereas it did not further modify the insulin secretion in diabetic islets, thus implying the occurrence of a defective nNOS activity in these islets. A reduced expression of nNOS mRNA was found in the majority but not in all diabetic islet preparations and therefore cannot totally account for the absence of L-NAME effect, that might also be ascribed to post-transcriptional mechanisms impairing nNOS catalytic activity. In conclusion, our results provide for the first time evidence that functional abnormalities of type 2 experimental diabetes, such as the insulin hyper-responsiveness to arginine, could be due to an impairment of nNOS expression and/or activity in beta-cells

Alteration of beta-cell constitutive NO synthase activity is involved in the abnormal insulin response to arginine in a new rat model of type 2 diabetes.

NOVELLI, MICHELA;MARCHETTI, PIERO;MASIELLO, PELLEGRINO
2004

Abstract

We have previously obtained a new type 2 diabetic syndrome in adult rats given streptozotocin and nicotinamide, characterized by reduced beta-cell mass, partially preserved insulin response to glucose and tolbutamide and excessive responsiveness to arginine. We have also established that the neuronal isoform of constitutive NO synthase (nNOS) is expressed in beta-cells and modulates insulin secretion. In this study, we explored the kinetics of glucose- and arginine-stimulated insulin release in perifused isolated islets as well as the effect of N-omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), a NOS inhibitor, to get insight into the possible mechanisms responsible for the arginine hypersensitivity observed in vitro in this and other models of type 2 diabetes. A reduced first phase and a blunted second phase of insulin secretion were observed upon glucose stimulation of diabetic islets, confirming previous data in the isolated perfused rat pancreas. Exposure of diabetic islets to 10 mM arginine, in the presence of 2.8 mM glucose, elicited a remarkable monophasic increment in insulin release, which peaked at 639 +/- 31 pg/islet/min as compared to 49 +/- 18 pg/islet/min in control islets (P << 0.01). The addition of L-NAME to control islets markedly enhanced the insulin response to arginine, as expected from the documented inhibitory effect exerted by nNOS activity in normal beta-cells, whereas it did not further modify the insulin secretion in diabetic islets, thus implying the occurrence of a defective nNOS activity in these islets. A reduced expression of nNOS mRNA was found in the majority but not in all diabetic islet preparations and therefore cannot totally account for the absence of L-NAME effect, that might also be ascribed to post-transcriptional mechanisms impairing nNOS catalytic activity. In conclusion, our results provide for the first time evidence that functional abnormalities of type 2 experimental diabetes, such as the insulin hyper-responsiveness to arginine, could be due to an impairment of nNOS expression and/or activity in beta-cells
Novelli, Michela; Pocai, A; Lajoix, Ad; Beffy, P; Bezzi, D; Marchetti, Piero; Gross, R; Masiello, Pellegrino
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/187230
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 6
  • Scopus 21
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 20
social impact