Cardiac evaluation for simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation and incidence of cardiac perioperative complications: preliminary study

Type I diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is associated with an increased cardiovascular risk, and eligibility protocols for simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKT) are consequently accurate for preoperative cardiovascular assessment. According to our algorithm, coronary angiography in SPKT candidates is indicated for patients not only experiencing previous cardiac events or symptoms, but also those with long-standing diabetes (more than 25 years) and/or age over 45 years. Furthermore, a basal transthoracic echocardiographic exam (TTE) is performed to assess cardiac volumes, left ventricular mass, systolic function, and kinesis. The aims of this study were to evaluate perioperative cardiac morbidity and mortality in 18 SPKT-eligible patients, divided into two groups on the basis of the presence/absence of angiographically evident coronary artery disease (CAD), as well as to assess the impact of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) on cardiac complications. Cardiac intraoperative morbidity and mortality and postoperative mortality and major morbidity were absent; minor cardiac morbidity consisted only of silent ischemic ECG alterations, without significant differences between groups, although the incidence seemed to be higher in the CAD-positive population. LVH detected preoperatively by TTE exam also failed to correlate with the incidence of such complications. Selection of SPKT candidates by coronary angiography may have positive effects on perioperative cardiac morbidity and mortality. A larger sample size is needed to give the study statistical power. Medium- and long-term follow-up studies are warranted to evaluate the effects of preoperative selection on survival rates.

Cardiac evaluation for simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation and incidence of cardiac perioperative complications: preliminary study

MARIOTTI, RITA;PETRONIO, ANNA;BOGGI, UGO;MARCHETTI, PIERO;MOSCA, FRANCO
2004

Abstract

Cardiac evaluation for simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation and incidence of cardiac perioperative complications: preliminary study
Fossati, N; Meacci, L; Amorese, G; Bellissima, G; Pieri, M; Nardi, S; Vangone, Me; Rondinini, L; Mariotti, Rita; Petronio, Anna; Boggi, Ugo; Rizzo, G; Marchetti, Piero; Sansevero, A; Mosca, Franco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/187385
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