Recently it has been demonstrated that detached leaves show glyoxysomal enzyme activities when incubated in darkness for several days. In this report glyoxylate-cycle enzymes have been detected in leaves of rice (Oryza sativa L.) and wheat (Triticum durum L.) from either naturally senescing or dark-treated plants. Isolated peroxisomes of rice and wheat show isocitrate lyase (EC 126.96.36.199), malate synthase (EC 188.8.131.52) and β-oxidation activities. Leaf peroxisomes from dark-induced senescing leaves show glyoxylic-acid-cycle enzyme activities two to four times higher than naturally senescing leaves. The glyoxysomal activities detected in leaf peroxisomes during natural foliar senescence may represent a reverse transition of the peroxisomes into glyoxysomes.