The stiffness of an actuator depends on the closed-loop position control (architecture and parameters), on the load frequency, and, for fault-tolerant actuators, on the operative mode. The stiffness response is of basic importance for the design of actuators for primary flight controls, especially for high-performance aircrafts. Actually, in-flight conditions characterized by high speed and high angle-of-attack, the dynamic interactions between aircraft structure, actuator, and aerodynamic loads can induce aeroservoelastic effects, which, if not controlled, can imply performance degradation and even instability. The study and the compensation of such concerns require the assessment of the resonant frequencies of the aeroservoelastic system, which can be performed only by characterizing the dynamic stiffness of the actuator. This article reports the experimental activities carried out for the characterization of the stiffness response of a fault-tolerant fly-by-wire actuator for the primary flight controls of a modern jet trainer, starting from the feasibility studies of the experiments up to the execution of the vibration tests. The actuator stiffness performance is evaluated in different fail-operative modes by artificially injecting hydraulic and electrical failures, and the experimental data are interpreted by means of an LTI model of the flight actuator, highlighting and discussing the effects that the failures induce on the stiffness performance

Experimental assessment of the dynamic stiffness of a fault-tolerant fly-by-wire hydraulic actuator

DI RITO, GIANPIETRO;GALATOLO, ROBERTO
2012

Abstract

The stiffness of an actuator depends on the closed-loop position control (architecture and parameters), on the load frequency, and, for fault-tolerant actuators, on the operative mode. The stiffness response is of basic importance for the design of actuators for primary flight controls, especially for high-performance aircrafts. Actually, in-flight conditions characterized by high speed and high angle-of-attack, the dynamic interactions between aircraft structure, actuator, and aerodynamic loads can induce aeroservoelastic effects, which, if not controlled, can imply performance degradation and even instability. The study and the compensation of such concerns require the assessment of the resonant frequencies of the aeroservoelastic system, which can be performed only by characterizing the dynamic stiffness of the actuator. This article reports the experimental activities carried out for the characterization of the stiffness response of a fault-tolerant fly-by-wire actuator for the primary flight controls of a modern jet trainer, starting from the feasibility studies of the experiments up to the execution of the vibration tests. The actuator stiffness performance is evaluated in different fail-operative modes by artificially injecting hydraulic and electrical failures, and the experimental data are interpreted by means of an LTI model of the flight actuator, highlighting and discussing the effects that the failures induce on the stiffness performance
DI RITO, Gianpietro; Galatolo, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/192824
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