A number of 1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl-acetic acids and oxazol-4-yl-acetic acids were synthesized and tested for their ability to inhibit aldose reductase (ALR2). The oxadiazole derivatives, 7c, 7f, 7i, and 8h, 8i, proved to be the most active compounds, exhibiting inhibitory levels in the submicromolar range. In this series, the phenyl group turned out to be the preferred substitution pattern, as its lengthening to a benzyl moiety determined a general reduction of the inhibitory potency. The lead compound, 2-[3-(4-methoxyphenyl)- 1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl]acetic acid, 7c, showed an excellent in vivo activity, proving to prevent cataract development in severely galactosemic rats when administered as an eye-drop solution in the precorneal region of the animals. Computational studies on the ALR2 inhibitors were performed to rationalize the structure-activity relationships observed and to provide the basis for further structure-guided design of novel ALR2 inhibitors.

Acetic acid aldose reductase inhibitors bearing a five-membered heterocyclic core with potent topical activity in a visual impairment rat model

LA MOTTA, CONCETTINA;SALERNO, SILVIA;SIMORINI, FRANCESCA;TALIANI, SABRINA;MARINI, ANNA MARIA;DA SETTIMO PASSETTI, FEDERICO;
2008

Abstract

A number of 1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl-acetic acids and oxazol-4-yl-acetic acids were synthesized and tested for their ability to inhibit aldose reductase (ALR2). The oxadiazole derivatives, 7c, 7f, 7i, and 8h, 8i, proved to be the most active compounds, exhibiting inhibitory levels in the submicromolar range. In this series, the phenyl group turned out to be the preferred substitution pattern, as its lengthening to a benzyl moiety determined a general reduction of the inhibitory potency. The lead compound, 2-[3-(4-methoxyphenyl)- 1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl]acetic acid, 7c, showed an excellent in vivo activity, proving to prevent cataract development in severely galactosemic rats when administered as an eye-drop solution in the precorneal region of the animals. Computational studies on the ALR2 inhibitors were performed to rationalize the structure-activity relationships observed and to provide the basis for further structure-guided design of novel ALR2 inhibitors.
LA MOTTA, Concettina; Sartini, S; Salerno, Silvia; Simorini, Francesca; Taliani, Sabrina; Marini, ANNA MARIA; DA SETTIMO PASSETTI, Federico; Marinelli, L; Limongelli, V; Novellino, E.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/193695
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 47
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 40
social impact