PURPOSE: To define a possible metabolic and/or signaling role for Cys-Gly in glutathione homeostasis in bovine eye lenses. METHODS: Bovine lenses were cultured up to 24 h in a medium containing 0.5 mM reduced glutathione (GSH) under different conditions. The intracellular and the extracellular contents of thiol compounds were evaluated using a free zone capillary electrophoresis method. RESULTS: Culture of lenses in the presence of GSH and the gamma-glutamyl transferase inhibitor serine-borate demonstrated a 1.5 fold increase in the level of extra-lenticular glutathione with respect to the initial value. Cys-Gly exogenously added impaired the extra-lenticular accumulation of glutathione. Both cysteine and gamma-Glu-Cys were ineffective in reducing extra-lenticular glutathione accumulation. In all conditions no differences in reduced and total intra-lenticular glutathione levels were observed. CONCLUSIONS: The impairment of Cys-Gly generation correlated with inhibition of gamma-glutamyl transferase by serine/borate, resulting in high extra-lenticular concentration of glutathione effluxed from the bovine lens. The possibility that Cys-Gly may intervene either in the replenishment processes for cysteine in the GSH biosynthetic step or in the function of the efflux GSH-transporters is considered.
|Autori:||De Donatis, Gm; Moschini, Roberta; Cappiello, Mario; Del Corso, Antonella; Mura, Umberto|
|Titolo:||Cysteinyl-glycine in the control of glutathione homeostasis in bovine lenses|
|Anno del prodotto:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|