Amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT) resulting from destructive thyroiditis (type 2) is commonly treated with glucocorticoids, but time needed to restore euthyroidism may be unacceptable for patients with underlying cardiac disorders. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this prospective study was to identify factors affecting the response to glucocorticoids in a large cohort of patients with type 2 AIT followed prospectively. SETTING: This study was conducted at university centers. PATIENTS: Sixty-six untreated patients with type 2 AIT were enrolled in the study. INTERVENTION: All patients were treated with prednisone (initial dose, 0.5 mg/kg.d) as long as needed to restore euthyroidism, defined as cure of AIT. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The main outcome measure was cure time. RESULTS: The median cure time was 30 d (95% confidence interval, 23-37 d). Serum free T4 concentration (picograms per milliliter) and thyroid volume (milliliters per square meter) (and, to a lesser extent, serum free T3 concentration) at diagnosis were the main determinants of response to glucocorticoids, with a cure hazard ratio of 0.97 (95% confidence interval, 0.95-0.99; P = 0.005) and 0.84 (95% confidence interval, 0.77-0.91; P = 0.000) for unit of increment, respectively. AIT was cured in all patients with a complete follow-up; euthyroidism was reached in 30 d or less in 60% of patients but in more than 90 d in 16%. A prompt control of thyrotoxicosis (<or=30 d of treatment) was more frequent (77%) in patients with serum basal free T4 concentration no greater than 50 pg/ml and thyroid volume (normalized for body surface area) no greater than 12 ml/m2. The cure probability and the mean cure time in an individual patient can be obtained using a formula generated by multiple regression models. CONCLUSIONS: Baseline serum thyroid hormone concentrations and thyroid volume help identify patients with type 2 AIT at risk of a delayed response to glucocorticoids.
|Autori:||F. BOGAZZI; L.BARTALENA; L. TOMISTI; G.ROSSI; M.L. TANDA; E. DELL'UNTO; F. AGHINI-LOMBARDI; MARTINO E|
|Titolo:||Glucocorticoid response in amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis resulting from destructive thyroiditis is predicted by thyroid volume and serum free thyroid hormone concentrations|
|Anno del prodotto:||2007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|