Novel N,N-disubstituted indol-3-ylglyoxylamides (1-56), bearing different combinations of substituents R 1-R 5, were synthesized and evaluated as ligands of the translocator protein (TSPO), the 18 kDa protein representing the minimal functional unit of the "peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor" (PBR). Most of the new compounds showed a nanomolar/subnanomolar affinity for TSPO and stimulated steroid biosynthesis in rat C6 glioma cells with a potency similar to or higher than that of classic TSPO ligands such as PK 11195. Moreover, when evaluated in vivo by means of the elevated-plus-maze (EPM) paradigm in the rat, compound 32, the best-performing derivative in terms of TSPO affinity and pregnenolone production, showed clear anxiolytic effects. The results of this study suggested that the novel N,N-disubstituted indol-3-ylglyoxylamides may represent a promising class of compounds potentially suited for the treatment of anxiety disorders

Anxiolytic-like Effects of N,N-Dialkyl-2-phenylindol-3-ylglyoxylamides by Modulation of Translocator Protein Promoting Neurosteroid Biosynthesis

DA SETTIMO PASSETTI, FEDERICO;SIMORINI, FRANCESCA;TALIANI, SABRINA;LA MOTTA, CONCETTINA;MARINI, ANNA MARIA;SALERNO, SILVIA;DA POZZO, ELEONORA;COSTA, BARBARA;MARTINI, CLAUDIA
2008

Abstract

Novel N,N-disubstituted indol-3-ylglyoxylamides (1-56), bearing different combinations of substituents R 1-R 5, were synthesized and evaluated as ligands of the translocator protein (TSPO), the 18 kDa protein representing the minimal functional unit of the "peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor" (PBR). Most of the new compounds showed a nanomolar/subnanomolar affinity for TSPO and stimulated steroid biosynthesis in rat C6 glioma cells with a potency similar to or higher than that of classic TSPO ligands such as PK 11195. Moreover, when evaluated in vivo by means of the elevated-plus-maze (EPM) paradigm in the rat, compound 32, the best-performing derivative in terms of TSPO affinity and pregnenolone production, showed clear anxiolytic effects. The results of this study suggested that the novel N,N-disubstituted indol-3-ylglyoxylamides may represent a promising class of compounds potentially suited for the treatment of anxiety disorders
DA SETTIMO PASSETTI, Federico; Simorini, Francesca; Taliani, Sabrina; LA MOTTA, Concettina; Marini, ANNA MARIA; Salerno, Silvia; Bellandi, M; Novellino, E; Greco, G; Cosimelli, B; DA POZZO, Eleonora; Costa, Barbara; Simola, N; Morelli, M; Martini, Claudia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/194633
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