OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of diplotypes of MDR1 polymorphisms at positions 2677 and 3435 on the clinical outcome of multiple myeloma, in terms of response to the therapy and overall survival (OS). METHODS: G2677T/A SNP was analysed by RFLP-PCR assay on 110 patients, treated with dexamethasone, doxorubicin (adryamicin) and vincristine regimen, followed by autologous stem cell transplantation. RESULTS: Treatment efficacy was not related to G2677T/A SNP, whereas the OS of G/G carriers was significantly shorter than that of T/T or G/T patients. Similar results were previously reported for MDR1 C3435T polymorphism. Given that these two single nucleotide polymorphisms are in strong linkage disequilibrium, we analyzed the effects of the most frequent haplo/diplotypes and the survival probability was lower for GC/GC patients (55%) than for GC/TT and TT/TT carriers (>80%; log-rank test, P=0.03). Interestingly, the effect of MDR1 diplotype on the OS seems to be confined to autologous stem cell transplantation nonresponders. CONCLUSION: These results support the hypothesis that genetic variability of MDR1 should be considered as an important factor that influences the clinical outcome of multiple myeloma.
|Autori:||MAGGINI V; BUDA G; MARTINO A; PRESCIUTTINI S; GALIMBERTI S; ORCIUOLO E; BARALE R; PETRINI M; ROSSI AM|
|Titolo:||MDR1 diplotypes as prognostic markers in multiple myeloma|
|Anno del prodotto:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1097/FPC.0b013e3282f82297|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|