The effects of the cytochrome P-450 depletion by cobaltic protoporphyrin IX on the postnatal glucocorticoid-inducibility of the membrane-bound enzyme gamma-glutamyltransferase have been assessed in the rat liver. Dexamethasone-induced gamma-glutamyltransferase activity in 14-, 28- and 77-day-old rats was high, weak and absent, respectively, and inversely correlated with the physiological cytochrome P-450 activity. In the liver acinus, the enzyme was reexpressed by the zone 1 and zone 2 hepatocytes in suckling rats, substantially only by the zone 1-hepatocytes in just weaned rats. Following cytochrome P-450 depletion, gamma-glutamyltransferase induction by dexamethasone was more rapid, more intense and more extended in the liver acinus, occurring also in the zone 3 hepatocytes in suckling rats, in the zone 2 and a few zone 3 hepatocytes in just weaned rats. Further, the enzyme induction occurred also in adult rats in the zone 1 and in some zone 2 cells. This shows that cytochrome P-450 modulates the extent of hepatic gamma-glutamyltransferase induction by dexamethasone in postnatal rat-hepatocytes. The phenomenon may be consequent on hormone biotransformation changes caused by the cytochrome P-450 depletion.

Gamma-glutamyltransferase induction by dexamethasone in cytochrome P-450-depleted rat liver.

TONGIANI, ROBERTO;PAOLICCHI, ALDO;CHIELI, ELISABETTA
1990

Abstract

The effects of the cytochrome P-450 depletion by cobaltic protoporphyrin IX on the postnatal glucocorticoid-inducibility of the membrane-bound enzyme gamma-glutamyltransferase have been assessed in the rat liver. Dexamethasone-induced gamma-glutamyltransferase activity in 14-, 28- and 77-day-old rats was high, weak and absent, respectively, and inversely correlated with the physiological cytochrome P-450 activity. In the liver acinus, the enzyme was reexpressed by the zone 1 and zone 2 hepatocytes in suckling rats, substantially only by the zone 1-hepatocytes in just weaned rats. Following cytochrome P-450 depletion, gamma-glutamyltransferase induction by dexamethasone was more rapid, more intense and more extended in the liver acinus, occurring also in the zone 3 hepatocytes in suckling rats, in the zone 2 and a few zone 3 hepatocytes in just weaned rats. Further, the enzyme induction occurred also in adult rats in the zone 1 and in some zone 2 cells. This shows that cytochrome P-450 modulates the extent of hepatic gamma-glutamyltransferase induction by dexamethasone in postnatal rat-hepatocytes. The phenomenon may be consequent on hormone biotransformation changes caused by the cytochrome P-450 depletion.
Tongiani, Roberto; Paolicchi, Aldo; Chieli, Elisabetta
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/198207
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact