The muscle changes occurring in Parkinson's disease (PD) may come about as a consequence of the modified pattern of motor unit activation and rigidity, which are characteristic of the disease. A tendency towards hypertrophy of type I fibers and, in some instances, atrophy of type II fibers has been observed. Fourteen patients affected by PD and 10 age-matched controls were studied in order to investigate these muscle changes. We indirectly evaluated muscle modifications by measuring muscle fiber conduction velocity (CV) and median frequency (MDF) of the power spectrum using automatic analysis of surface EMG. The tibialis anterior muscle was selected for the study of contractions electrically induced by 35 Hz pulse trains lasting 30 s; the myoelectric signal was detected using the 4-bar electrode technique described by Broman et al. (Broman, H., Bilotto, G. and De Luca, C.J. Myoelectric signal conduction velocity and spectral parameters: influence of force and time. J. Appl. Physiol., 1985, 58: 1428-1437). Muscle biopsy specimens were obtained in 4 PD patients by surgical excision at the site where the EMG recording electrode had been placed. The main difference observed between PD subjects and controls was the rate of change of MDF and CV during the course of stimulated contraction; patients with PD sustained a smaller fatigue related decrease in both parameters compared to controls. According to our histological data, this result can be explained by a type I fiber percentage which accounts for 79% of the myofiber population on average. As expected, the CV basal values correlated directly with type I fiber diameter. These data suggest that non-invasive surface EMG techniques are useful in assessing the modifications of muscle characteristics that are observed in PD patients and for analyzing some aspects of the peripheral fatigue in this disease.
|Autori:||ROSSI B; SICILIANO G.; CARBONCINI M.C.; MANCA L.; MASSITANI R.|
|Titolo:||Muscle modifications in Parkinson's disease: myoelectric manifestations|
|Anno del prodotto:||1996|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|