For the existence of a branched covering Sigma~ --> Sigma between closed surfaces there are easy necessary conditions in terms of chi(Sigma~), chi(Sigma), orientability, the total degree, and the local degrees at the branching points. A classical problem dating back to Hurwitz asks whether these conditions are also sufficient. Thanks to the work of many authors, the problem remains open only when Sigma is the sphere, in which case exceptions to existence are known to occur. In this paper we describe new infinite series of exceptions, in particular previously unknown exceptions with Sigma~ not the sphere and with more than three branching points. All our series come with systematic explanations, based on several different techniques (including dessins d'enfants and decomposability) that we exploit to attack the problem, besides Hurwitz's classical technique based on permutations. Using decomposability we also establish an easy existence result.
|Autori:||Pervova, Ekaterina; Petronio, Carlo|
|Titolo:||On the existence of branched coverings between surfaces with prescribed branch data, I|
|Anno del prodotto:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|