Abstract In 102 N- and 44 N+ disease-free breast cancer patients, lymphocytic populations and skin reaction of delayed hypersensitivity (SRDH) were monitored up to 266 months after mastectomy to find out whether they were similar or different from control values. In two selected groups of 34 N- and 11 N+ breast cancer patients, the whole 10 year follow-up was divided into three subintervals, each of them lasting 40 months and the time course of lymphocytic populations was evaluated. In the 102 N- patients, mean CD4+, CD8+, CD3+ values were lower (P < 0.01, P < 0.001, P < 0.01, respectively) while CD4+/CD8+ ratio was higher (P < 0.05) than in controls. Fifteen N- breast cancer patients (16%) were anergic compared to 30(32%) of controls (P < 0.05). In the 34 selected N- breast cancer patients soon after mastectomy the mean value of CD4+, CD8+, CD3+ T subpopulations was lower (P < 0.01, P < 0.001, P < 0.01, respectively) than in controls. Successively their mean value increased so that in the last subinterval they were not or were only slightly lower (P n.s., P < 0.05, P < 0.05, respectively) than in controls. In the 44 N+ patients, mean CD4+, CD8+, CD3+ values were lower (P < 0.001, v < 0.05, P < 0.01, respectively) and CD19+ lymphocytes higher (P < 0.001) than in controls. Five N+ breast cancer patients (13%) were anergic compared to 32% of controls (P < 0.05). In the 11 selected N+ breast cancer patients soon after mastectomy, the mean value of CD4+, CD8+ T subpopulations and CD16+56+ cells was significantly lower (P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.01, respectively) than in controls. Successively their mean value constantly increased so that in the last subinterval, no or slight (P n.s., P < 0.05, P n.s., respectively) significant difference compared to controls occurred. The mean CD4+/CD8+ ratio value of N- patients was significantly higher than in controls. However in the last subinterval, the significance was lower than in the first one (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively). In the N+ patients, the mean value of CD4+/CD8+ ratio was constant, although not significantly, lower than in controls; however it progressively increased from the first to the last subinterval. Therefore the significance of the difference of the mean CD4+/CD8+ ratio between N- and N+ patients strongly decreased from the first to the last subinterval (P < 0.001 and P < 0.05, respectively). These data indicate that in breast cancer patients, following mastectomy, a significant activation of memory and CD4+ T cells and long-term decrease of the circulating immunocompetent CD4+, CD8+ and CD16+56+ cells occurs. The prolonged disease-free interval observed in the 34 N- and 11 N+ breast cancer patients can be correlated with the restoration of the normal state of cell-mediated immunity.

Long-term monitoring off cell-mediated immunity in disease-free breast cancer patients: a preliminary retrospective study

NICOLINI, ANDREA;CARPI, ANGELO;SPINELLI, CLAUDIO;MICCOLI, PAOLO;
2002

Abstract

Abstract In 102 N- and 44 N+ disease-free breast cancer patients, lymphocytic populations and skin reaction of delayed hypersensitivity (SRDH) were monitored up to 266 months after mastectomy to find out whether they were similar or different from control values. In two selected groups of 34 N- and 11 N+ breast cancer patients, the whole 10 year follow-up was divided into three subintervals, each of them lasting 40 months and the time course of lymphocytic populations was evaluated. In the 102 N- patients, mean CD4+, CD8+, CD3+ values were lower (P < 0.01, P < 0.001, P < 0.01, respectively) while CD4+/CD8+ ratio was higher (P < 0.05) than in controls. Fifteen N- breast cancer patients (16%) were anergic compared to 30(32%) of controls (P < 0.05). In the 34 selected N- breast cancer patients soon after mastectomy the mean value of CD4+, CD8+, CD3+ T subpopulations was lower (P < 0.01, P < 0.001, P < 0.01, respectively) than in controls. Successively their mean value increased so that in the last subinterval they were not or were only slightly lower (P n.s., P < 0.05, P < 0.05, respectively) than in controls. In the 44 N+ patients, mean CD4+, CD8+, CD3+ values were lower (P < 0.001, v < 0.05, P < 0.01, respectively) and CD19+ lymphocytes higher (P < 0.001) than in controls. Five N+ breast cancer patients (13%) were anergic compared to 32% of controls (P < 0.05). In the 11 selected N+ breast cancer patients soon after mastectomy, the mean value of CD4+, CD8+ T subpopulations and CD16+56+ cells was significantly lower (P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.01, respectively) than in controls. Successively their mean value constantly increased so that in the last subinterval, no or slight (P n.s., P < 0.05, P n.s., respectively) significant difference compared to controls occurred. The mean CD4+/CD8+ ratio value of N- patients was significantly higher than in controls. However in the last subinterval, the significance was lower than in the first one (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively). In the N+ patients, the mean value of CD4+/CD8+ ratio was constant, although not significantly, lower than in controls; however it progressively increased from the first to the last subinterval. Therefore the significance of the difference of the mean CD4+/CD8+ ratio between N- and N+ patients strongly decreased from the first to the last subinterval (P < 0.001 and P < 0.05, respectively). These data indicate that in breast cancer patients, following mastectomy, a significant activation of memory and CD4+ T cells and long-term decrease of the circulating immunocompetent CD4+, CD8+ and CD16+56+ cells occurs. The prolonged disease-free interval observed in the 34 N- and 11 N+ breast cancer patients can be correlated with the restoration of the normal state of cell-mediated immunity.
Nicolini, Andrea; Carpi, Angelo; Ferrari, P; Tartarelli, G; Anselmi, L; Metelli, Mr; Gorini, I; Spinelli, Claudio; Miccoli, Paolo; Giardino, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/199584
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