BACKGROUND: Barrett's oesophagus is regarded as the most important risk factor for development of oesophageal adenocarcinoma. According to current guidelines, treatment should be limited to symptomatic Barrett's oesophagus. AIM: To evaluate the expression of Ki67, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and apoptosis in Barrett's oesophagus after 12 months of double-dose proton pump inhibitor therapy. The effectiveness of esomeprazole and pantoprazole was also compared. METHODS: Seventy-seven nondysplastic Barrett's oesophagus patients underwent baseline upper endoscopy. Patients were then randomised into two groups: one group was allocated to receive esomeprazole 40 mg b.d. and the other group pantoprazole 40 mg b.d. for 12 months. A follow-up endoscopy was performed at the end of treatment. Sixty-five of 77 patients agreed to undergo oesophageal manometry and 24-h pH-metry. Barrett's oesophagus biopsies, obtained at baseline and after treatment, were analysed using immunohistochemistry to assess Ki67 and COX-2 expression; apoptosis was evaluated using TUNEL. RESULTS: In the esomeprazole group, a significant decrease in Ki67 and COX-2 expression, as well as an increase in apoptosis, were observed (P < 0.05). By contrast, in the pantoprazole group Ki67, COX-2 and apoptosis did not vary significantly from baseline. By 24-h oesophageal pH-monitoring, a normal acid exposure time was recorded in patients treated with esomeprazole, while those allocated to pantoprazole displayed abnormal acid exposure (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of Barrett's oesophagus patients with high-dose esomeprazole, but not pantoprazole, promoted a decrease in proliferative markers, concomitantly with a decrease in apoptotic cell death. Moreover, esomeprazole allowed a better oesophageal acid control than pantoprazole.

Randomised clinical trial: twice daily esomeprazole 40 mg vs. pantoprazole 40 mg in Barrett’s oesophagus for 1 year

DE BORTOLI, NICOLA;MARTINUCCI, IRENE;PIAGGI, PAOLO;MALTINTI, SIMONA;GAMBACCINI, DARIO;BELLINI M.;BLANDIZZI, CORRADO;MARCHI, SANTINO
2011

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Barrett's oesophagus is regarded as the most important risk factor for development of oesophageal adenocarcinoma. According to current guidelines, treatment should be limited to symptomatic Barrett's oesophagus. AIM: To evaluate the expression of Ki67, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and apoptosis in Barrett's oesophagus after 12 months of double-dose proton pump inhibitor therapy. The effectiveness of esomeprazole and pantoprazole was also compared. METHODS: Seventy-seven nondysplastic Barrett's oesophagus patients underwent baseline upper endoscopy. Patients were then randomised into two groups: one group was allocated to receive esomeprazole 40 mg b.d. and the other group pantoprazole 40 mg b.d. for 12 months. A follow-up endoscopy was performed at the end of treatment. Sixty-five of 77 patients agreed to undergo oesophageal manometry and 24-h pH-metry. Barrett's oesophagus biopsies, obtained at baseline and after treatment, were analysed using immunohistochemistry to assess Ki67 and COX-2 expression; apoptosis was evaluated using TUNEL. RESULTS: In the esomeprazole group, a significant decrease in Ki67 and COX-2 expression, as well as an increase in apoptosis, were observed (P < 0.05). By contrast, in the pantoprazole group Ki67, COX-2 and apoptosis did not vary significantly from baseline. By 24-h oesophageal pH-monitoring, a normal acid exposure time was recorded in patients treated with esomeprazole, while those allocated to pantoprazole displayed abnormal acid exposure (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of Barrett's oesophagus patients with high-dose esomeprazole, but not pantoprazole, promoted a decrease in proliferative markers, concomitantly with a decrease in apoptotic cell death. Moreover, esomeprazole allowed a better oesophageal acid control than pantoprazole.
DE BORTOLI, Nicola; Martinucci, Irene; Piaggi, Paolo; Maltinti, Simona; Bianchi, G.; Ciancia, E.; Gambaccini, Dario; Lenzi, F.; Costa, F.; Leonardi, G.; Ricchiuti, A.; Mumolo, M. G.; Bellini, M.; Blandizzi, Corrado; Marchi, Santino
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/199718
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