The possible association between Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is a still debated issue. We analyzed the frequency of PTC, TSH levels and thyroid autoantibodies (TAb) in 13 738 patients (9824 untreated and 3914 under L-thyroxine, L-T(4)). Patients with nodular-HT (n=1593) had high titer of TAb and/or hypothyroidism. Patients with nodular goiter (NG) were subdivided in TAb-NG (n=8812) with undetectable TAb and TAb+NG (n=3395) with positive TAb. Among untreated patients, those with nodular-HT showed higher frequency of PTC (9.4%) compared with both TAb-NG (6.4%; P=0.002) and TAb+NG (6.5%; P=0.009) and presented also higher serum TSH (median 1.30 vs 0.71 mu U/ml, P<0.001 and 0.70 mu U/ml, P<0.001 respectively). Independently of clinical diagnosis, patients with high titer of TAb showed a higher frequency of PTC (9.3%) compared to patients with low titer (6.8%, P<0.001) or negative TAb (6.3%, P<0.001) and presented also higher serum TSH (median 1.16 vs 0.75 mu U/ml, P<0.001 and 0.72 mu U/ml, P<0.001 respectively). PTC frequency was strongly related with serum TSH (odds ratio (OR)=1.111), slightly related with anti-thyroglobulin antibodies (OR=1.001), and unrelated with anti-thyroperoxidase antibodies. In the L-T(4)-treated group, when only patients with serum TSH levels below the median value (0.90 mU/ml) were considered, no significant difference in PTC frequency was found between nodular-HT, TAb-NG and TAb-NG. In conclusion, the frequency of PTC is significantly higher in nodular-HT than in NG and is associated with increased levels of serum TSH. Treatment with L-T(4) reduces TSH levels and decreases the occurrence of clinically detectable PTC. Endocrine-Related Cancer (2011) 18 429-437

Hashimoto's thyroiditis is associated with papillary thyroid carcinoma: role of TSH and of treatment with L-thyroxine

LATROFA, FRANCESCO;PROVENZALE, MARIA ANNATERESA;Piaggi P;BASOLO, FULVIO;GRASSO, LUCIA;VITTI, PAOLO
2011-01-01

Abstract

The possible association between Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is a still debated issue. We analyzed the frequency of PTC, TSH levels and thyroid autoantibodies (TAb) in 13 738 patients (9824 untreated and 3914 under L-thyroxine, L-T(4)). Patients with nodular-HT (n=1593) had high titer of TAb and/or hypothyroidism. Patients with nodular goiter (NG) were subdivided in TAb-NG (n=8812) with undetectable TAb and TAb+NG (n=3395) with positive TAb. Among untreated patients, those with nodular-HT showed higher frequency of PTC (9.4%) compared with both TAb-NG (6.4%; P=0.002) and TAb+NG (6.5%; P=0.009) and presented also higher serum TSH (median 1.30 vs 0.71 mu U/ml, P<0.001 and 0.70 mu U/ml, P<0.001 respectively). Independently of clinical diagnosis, patients with high titer of TAb showed a higher frequency of PTC (9.3%) compared to patients with low titer (6.8%, P<0.001) or negative TAb (6.3%, P<0.001) and presented also higher serum TSH (median 1.16 vs 0.75 mu U/ml, P<0.001 and 0.72 mu U/ml, P<0.001 respectively). PTC frequency was strongly related with serum TSH (odds ratio (OR)=1.111), slightly related with anti-thyroglobulin antibodies (OR=1.001), and unrelated with anti-thyroperoxidase antibodies. In the L-T(4)-treated group, when only patients with serum TSH levels below the median value (0.90 mU/ml) were considered, no significant difference in PTC frequency was found between nodular-HT, TAb-NG and TAb-NG. In conclusion, the frequency of PTC is significantly higher in nodular-HT than in NG and is associated with increased levels of serum TSH. Treatment with L-T(4) reduces TSH levels and decreases the occurrence of clinically detectable PTC. Endocrine-Related Cancer (2011) 18 429-437
2011
Fiore, E; Rago, T; Latrofa, Francesco; Provenzale, MARIA ANNATERESA; Piaggi, P; Delitala, A; Scutari, M; Basolo, Fulvio; Di Coscio, G; Grasso, Lucia; Pinchera, A; Vitti, Paolo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/199762
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