Psyttalia concolor (Szépligeti) is a koinobiont larval-pupal endoparasitoid of many Tephritidae of great economic importance, such as the medfly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). In several species of parasitoids it has been demonstrated that the mated females are strongly attracted by specific volatiles from insect-damaged plants. Yet the role of olfactory cues deriving from C. capitata-infested fruits on the female’s decision during the P. concolor host location was poorly investigated. In the present study, the responses of P. concolor females to either healthy or C. capitata-infested fruits was studied through behavioral assays. Volatiles emitted by healthy and infested fruits were SPME-sampled and analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS). The attractiveness of the identified volatiles was assessed and their electrophysiological activity was analyzed through gas-chromatography coupled with electroantennography (GC-EAD). P. concolor preferred infested peaches and apples over healthy ones, either when visual and olfactory or only olfactory cues were given. Nine compounds were found as exclusive of infested peaches, with respect to healthy ones, and seven of them evoked electrophysiological responses. In apples only quantitative changes in volatile emissions were observed after the medfly infestation. The emissions of 1-butyl butylate, 1-hexyl acetate and 1-butyl esanoate increased in infested apples, whereas 1-hexyl (E)-2-methyl butenoate decreased significantly. Among apple volatiles, 1-butyl butylate, 2-methyl-1-butyl acetate, 1-hexyl acetate, 2-methyl-1-butyl 2-methylbutanoate, 1-butyl hexanoate and 1-hexyl (E)-2-methyl butenoate elicited responses in female antennae. Synthetic blends reproducing the odors emitted by infested peaches and apples elicited strong attraction towards P. concolor

Behavioral and electrophysiological responses of the parasitic wasp Psyttalia concolor (Szépligeti) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) to Ceratitis capitata-induced fruit volatiles

BENELLI, GIOVANNI;CARPITA, ADRIANO;GIUNTI, GIULIA;RASPI, ALFIO;CANALE, ANGELO
2013

Abstract

Psyttalia concolor (Szépligeti) is a koinobiont larval-pupal endoparasitoid of many Tephritidae of great economic importance, such as the medfly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). In several species of parasitoids it has been demonstrated that the mated females are strongly attracted by specific volatiles from insect-damaged plants. Yet the role of olfactory cues deriving from C. capitata-infested fruits on the female’s decision during the P. concolor host location was poorly investigated. In the present study, the responses of P. concolor females to either healthy or C. capitata-infested fruits was studied through behavioral assays. Volatiles emitted by healthy and infested fruits were SPME-sampled and analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS). The attractiveness of the identified volatiles was assessed and their electrophysiological activity was analyzed through gas-chromatography coupled with electroantennography (GC-EAD). P. concolor preferred infested peaches and apples over healthy ones, either when visual and olfactory or only olfactory cues were given. Nine compounds were found as exclusive of infested peaches, with respect to healthy ones, and seven of them evoked electrophysiological responses. In apples only quantitative changes in volatile emissions were observed after the medfly infestation. The emissions of 1-butyl butylate, 1-hexyl acetate and 1-butyl esanoate increased in infested apples, whereas 1-hexyl (E)-2-methyl butenoate decreased significantly. Among apple volatiles, 1-butyl butylate, 2-methyl-1-butyl acetate, 1-hexyl acetate, 2-methyl-1-butyl 2-methylbutanoate, 1-butyl hexanoate and 1-hexyl (E)-2-methyl butenoate elicited responses in female antennae. Synthetic blends reproducing the odors emitted by infested peaches and apples elicited strong attraction towards P. concolor
Benelli, Giovanni; Revadi, S; Carpita, Adriano; Giunti, Giulia; Raspi, Alfio; Anfora, G; Canale, Angelo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/200166
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