In 1996, 10 years after Chernobyl accident, a cytogenetic analysis was carried out to assess whether chromosome aberrant cells (CA) were still detectable in the lymphocytes and clastogenic factors (CFs) were present in the plasma of children coming from Gomel (Belarus), one of the most heavily contaminated regions. Furthermore, the possible contribution of plasmatic CFs to the amount of CA was investigated. The presence of CA was examined in the lymphocytes from 29 thyroid tumour-affected children and 41 healthy children (local controls). Thirty healthy children living in Pisa (Italy) were enrolled in the study as additional controls from an uncontaminated area. No significant difference was observed between the two control groups, whereas a significantly increased frequency of CA was found in the tumour-affected children, as compared with Gomel and Pisa controls (chi 2-test, p < 0.001). However, when soil contamination level was taken into account, the chromosome type CA frequency observed in tumour-affected children coming from the more contaminated areas (> 4 Ci/km2) resulted significantly higher than that in other children, either affected or not (p = 0.003). The presence of CFs was analyzed on the plasma ultrafiltrate from 41 children. 7/10 (70%) plasma samples from tumour-affected children and 17/23 (74%) Gomel controls resulted to possess clastogenic activity irrespective of soil contamination levels. No activity was detected in the plasma of eight Pisa controls (0%). The difference between both Gomel groups and Pisa controls was highly significant (p = 0.002). A borderline, but not statistically significant correlation (p = 0.08) was observed between basal CA frequency and CF potency, which became significant (p = 0.03) when only chromosome type of aberrations was considered. We conclude that, although the presence of CFs in the plasma of these children might be partly responsible of the cytogenetic effects observed, the main source of damage has considered to be do to the previous and/or continuous exposure to environmental radiocontaminants. Tumour-affected children may represent a subset of the population either more sensitive to clastogenic damage or exposed to higher levels of contaminants.

Chromosome aberrations in lymphocytes and clastogenic factors in plasma detected in Belarus children 10 years after Chernobyl accident.

GEMIGNANI, FEDERICA
Primo
;
BALLARDIN, MICHELA;ROSSI, ANNA MARIA;ANTONELLI, ALESSANDRO;BARALE, ROBERTO
Ultimo
1999

Abstract

In 1996, 10 years after Chernobyl accident, a cytogenetic analysis was carried out to assess whether chromosome aberrant cells (CA) were still detectable in the lymphocytes and clastogenic factors (CFs) were present in the plasma of children coming from Gomel (Belarus), one of the most heavily contaminated regions. Furthermore, the possible contribution of plasmatic CFs to the amount of CA was investigated. The presence of CA was examined in the lymphocytes from 29 thyroid tumour-affected children and 41 healthy children (local controls). Thirty healthy children living in Pisa (Italy) were enrolled in the study as additional controls from an uncontaminated area. No significant difference was observed between the two control groups, whereas a significantly increased frequency of CA was found in the tumour-affected children, as compared with Gomel and Pisa controls (chi 2-test, p < 0.001). However, when soil contamination level was taken into account, the chromosome type CA frequency observed in tumour-affected children coming from the more contaminated areas (> 4 Ci/km2) resulted significantly higher than that in other children, either affected or not (p = 0.003). The presence of CFs was analyzed on the plasma ultrafiltrate from 41 children. 7/10 (70%) plasma samples from tumour-affected children and 17/23 (74%) Gomel controls resulted to possess clastogenic activity irrespective of soil contamination levels. No activity was detected in the plasma of eight Pisa controls (0%). The difference between both Gomel groups and Pisa controls was highly significant (p = 0.002). A borderline, but not statistically significant correlation (p = 0.08) was observed between basal CA frequency and CF potency, which became significant (p = 0.03) when only chromosome type of aberrations was considered. We conclude that, although the presence of CFs in the plasma of these children might be partly responsible of the cytogenetic effects observed, the main source of damage has considered to be do to the previous and/or continuous exposure to environmental radiocontaminants. Tumour-affected children may represent a subset of the population either more sensitive to clastogenic damage or exposed to higher levels of contaminants.
Gemignani, Federica; Ballardin, Michela; Maggiani, F; Rossi, ANNA MARIA; Antonelli, Alessandro; Barale, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/200196
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