BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with abnormalities of the growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor-1 (GH/IGF-1) axis. The role of serum IGF-1 measurement for recognition of hypothalamic-pituitary diseases in obesity is still a matter of debate. METHODS: This study evaluated the serum levels of IGF-1 in a population of severely obese women before and after long-term weight loss obtained by laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). Eighty obese women with body mass index (BMI) of more than 34 kg/m(2) and 80 unrelated age-matched lean controls were enrolled. IGF-1 serum levels were measured together with BMI, liver volume, and intra-abdominal fat thickness assessed by ultrasound. Evaluation was repeated 2 years after LAGB. RESULTS: Our results showed that mean IGF-1 levels in obese subjects before LAGB were significantly lower (p < 0.001) than that observed in age-matched controls. Age and BMI were independent predictors of serum IGF-1 values, overall accounting for 39 % of IGF-1 variability. The mean IGF-1 concentration significantly increased 2 years after LAGB. BMI reduction was independently associated with IGF-1 increase (r = -0.29, p < 0.001). For each point of BMI reduction, the mean increase of serum IGF-1 was 4.39 ng/mL. CONCLUSIONS: (1) Severely obese women have low IGF-1 serum levels with respect to normal weight age-matched controls; (2) the extent of IGF-1 deficiency is proportional to increased BMI; (3) after LAGB a spontaneous raise of serum IGF-1 occurs, proportional to the extent of weight reduction; and (4) serum IGF-1 in severely obese subjects may have a limited value for detection of hypothalamic-pituitary diseases.
|Autori:||Galli, G; Pinchera, A; Piaggi, P; Fierabracci, P; Giannetti, M; Querci, G; Scartabelli, G; Manetti, L; Ceccarini, Giovanni; Martinelli, S; Di Salvo, C; Anselmino, M; Bogazzi, Fausto; Landi, Alberto; Vitti, Paolo; Maffei, M; Santini, Ferruccio|
|Titolo:||Serum Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 Concentrations Are Reduced in Severely Obese Women and Raise After Weight Loss Induced by Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding|
|Anno del prodotto:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s11695-012-0669-1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|