In the present study, the correlation among several hematic values and the baseline frequencies of sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs), chromosome aberrations (CAs), and micronucleus (MN) were evaluated in human peripheral blood lymphocytes from a group of 1429 volunteers. Donors were selected to be representative of the general population of people living in the city of Pisa (Italy). By the use of the principal component analysis (PCA), principal components (PCs) were extracted from the complex pattern of correlations intrinsic in the hematic values (for example such as those among hemoglobin content, hematocrit, and erythrocyte count), and were tested for correlation on SCE, CA and MN frequencies. The seven PCs extracted (among 20 hematic values) were either positively or negatively correlated with the three cytogenetic endpoints. However, after correction by independent confounding factors (such as the age), with the use of the coefficient of partial correlation (CPC) analysis, only one PC significantly held the correlation with MN frequencies. This PC had the main contribution from the correlation between the concentration of potassium and the activity of alkaline phosphatase. These variables are known to be markers for bone (calcium) metabolism and are negatively correlated with MN frequencies. Because MN can arise from aneuploidy, the hematic concentrations of calcium may be important for stabilizing the mitotic process in stimulated lymphocytes. Finally, our study shows that the analysis of the hematic values adds very little information and removes a meaningless part of variance of the total variability observed for SCEs, CAs and MN.

ARE BASELINE FREQUENCIES OF SCEs, CAs AND MN IN HUMAN LYMPHOCYTES RELATED TO HEMATOLOGICAL VALUES?

LANDI, STEFANO;BARALE, ROBERTO
2000

Abstract

In the present study, the correlation among several hematic values and the baseline frequencies of sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs), chromosome aberrations (CAs), and micronucleus (MN) were evaluated in human peripheral blood lymphocytes from a group of 1429 volunteers. Donors were selected to be representative of the general population of people living in the city of Pisa (Italy). By the use of the principal component analysis (PCA), principal components (PCs) were extracted from the complex pattern of correlations intrinsic in the hematic values (for example such as those among hemoglobin content, hematocrit, and erythrocyte count), and were tested for correlation on SCE, CA and MN frequencies. The seven PCs extracted (among 20 hematic values) were either positively or negatively correlated with the three cytogenetic endpoints. However, after correction by independent confounding factors (such as the age), with the use of the coefficient of partial correlation (CPC) analysis, only one PC significantly held the correlation with MN frequencies. This PC had the main contribution from the correlation between the concentration of potassium and the activity of alkaline phosphatase. These variables are known to be markers for bone (calcium) metabolism and are negatively correlated with MN frequencies. Because MN can arise from aneuploidy, the hematic concentrations of calcium may be important for stabilizing the mitotic process in stimulated lymphocytes. Finally, our study shows that the analysis of the hematic values adds very little information and removes a meaningless part of variance of the total variability observed for SCEs, CAs and MN.
Landi, Stefano; Iazzolino, E; Barale, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/200398
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