Autophagy is a vacuolar, self-digesting mechanism responsible for the removal of organelles and defined regions of the cytoplams. This process has, in general, a beneficial role for the cell, since it regulates the turnover of aged proteins and eliminates damaged structures. However, cells that undergo altered autophagy may be triggered to die in a non-apoptotic manner. As a matter of fact, in recent years it has become clear that dysregulated autophagy may be implicated in several disorders, such as cancer, neurodegenerative diseases and hepatic encephalopathy. We have recently shown that beta-cells of type 2 diabetic subjects show signs of autophagy associated death, which may contribute to the overall loss of beta-cell mass in type 2 diabetes. In addition, studies with cell lines and rodent models have demonstrated the importance of autophagy in beta-cell function and survival. Altogether, the available evidence supports the view that autophagy is implicated in beta-cell pathophysiology, and suggests that addressing the molecular mechanisms involved in autophagic regulation might provide clues for preventing or treating beta-cell damage in diabetes.

A role for autophagy in ß-cell life and death

BOGGI, UGO;FILIPPONI, FRANCO;MASIELLO, PELLEGRINO;MARCHETTI, PIERO
2009

Abstract

Autophagy is a vacuolar, self-digesting mechanism responsible for the removal of organelles and defined regions of the cytoplams. This process has, in general, a beneficial role for the cell, since it regulates the turnover of aged proteins and eliminates damaged structures. However, cells that undergo altered autophagy may be triggered to die in a non-apoptotic manner. As a matter of fact, in recent years it has become clear that dysregulated autophagy may be implicated in several disorders, such as cancer, neurodegenerative diseases and hepatic encephalopathy. We have recently shown that beta-cells of type 2 diabetic subjects show signs of autophagy associated death, which may contribute to the overall loss of beta-cell mass in type 2 diabetes. In addition, studies with cell lines and rodent models have demonstrated the importance of autophagy in beta-cell function and survival. Altogether, the available evidence supports the view that autophagy is implicated in beta-cell pathophysiology, and suggests that addressing the molecular mechanisms involved in autophagic regulation might provide clues for preventing or treating beta-cell damage in diabetes.
Masini, Matilde; Lupi, Roberto; Bugliani, Marco; Boggi, Ugo; Filipponi, Franco; Masiello, Pellegrino; Marchetti, Piero
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/200669
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