A number of neurosteroids have been demonstrated to exert anxiolytic properties by means of a positive modulation of inhibitory GABAergic neurotransmission. The observation that neurosteroid synthesis can be pharmacologically regulated by ligands to the mitochondrial translocator protein (TSPO) has prompted the search for new, more selective TSPO ligands able to stimulate steroidogenesis with great efficacy. In the present study, the potential anxiolytic activity of a selective TSPO ligand, N,N-di-n-propyl-2-(4-methylphenyl)indol-3-ylglyoxylamide (MPIGA), was tested by means of the elevated plus maze paradigm. Moreover, the in vitro effects on synaptoneurosomal GABAA receptor (GABAAR) activity exerted by the conditioned salt medium from MPIGA-treated ADF human glial cells were investigated. MPIGA (30 mg/kg) was found to affect rats’ performance in the elevated plus maze test significantly, leading to an increase in both entries and time spent in the open arms. This same dose of MPIGA had no effect on rats’ spontaneous exploratory activity. The conditioned salt medium from MPIGA-treated ADF cells potentiated the 36Cl uptake into cerebral cortical synaptoneurosomes. The exposure of ADF cells to MPIGA stimulated the production of pregnelonone derivatives including allopregnanolone, one of the major positive GABAAR allosteric modulator. In conclusion, the TSPO ligand MPIGA is a promising anxiolytic drug. The mechanism of action by which MPIGA exerts its anxiolytic activity was identified in the stimulation of endogenous neurosteroid production, which in turn determined a positive modulation of GABAAR activity, thus opening the way to the potential use of this TSPO ligand in anxiety and depressive disorders.
|Autori:||COSTA B; DA POZZO E; CHELLI B; SIMOLA N; MORELLI M; LUISI M; MACCHERONI M; TALIANI S; SIMORINI F; DA SETTIMO F; MARTINI C|
|Titolo:||Anxiolytic properties of a 2-phenylindolglyoxylamide TSPO ligand: Stimulation of in vitro neurosteroid production affecting GABA(A) receptor activity|
|Anno del prodotto:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|