Natural flavonoids are currently receiving much attention because of their estrogenic and antiestrogenic properties. Six isoflavones (isoprunetin, isoprunetin 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, isoprunetin 4',7-di-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, genistein, genistein 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, daidzein), four flavones (luteolin, luteolin 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, luteolin 4'-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, licoflavone C), isolated from Genista morisii and G. ephedroides (two Leguminosae plants of the Mediterranean area) together with two structurally related pterocarpans, bitucarpin A and erybraedyn C, isolated from Bituminaria bituminosa (Leguminosae), were tested for the antagonist activity by a yeast based estrogen receptor assay (Saccharomyces cerevisiae RMY326 ER-ERE). Most compounds inhibited the estradiol-induced transcriptional activity in a concentration dependent manner. In particular, for the flavone luteolin 77% inhibition of the induced beta-galactosidase activity was observed. Interestingly, licoflavone C exhibited a dose-dependent antagonistic activity at concentrations up to 10(-4) M, but stimulated beta-galactosidase expression at higher concentrations resulting in a U-shaped-like dose-response curve.
|Autori:||PINTO B; BERTOLI A; NOCCIOLI C; GARRITANO S; REALI D; PISTELLI L|
|Titolo:||Estradiol-antagonistic Activity of Phenolic Compounds from Leguminous Plants|
|Anno del prodotto:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/ptr.2327|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|