In this study, we compare two radar target direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation algorithms: the classical moving window (MW) estimator, implemented in many real radar systems and the approximate maximum likelihood (AML) estimator. The first technique exploits multiple detections in the same time-on-target and the second one exploits the fact that the radar antenna mechanical scanning impresses an amplitude modulation on the signals backscattered by the target. Performances of the two estimators are numerically investigated through Monte Carlo simulation and compared in terms of root-mean-square-error (RMSE), probability of detection and probability of target splitting, the latter being defined as the probability of detecting more than one target when instead only one is present in the cell under test. Numerical results show that the AML estimator generally outperforms the classical MW estimator, also in terms of robustness to target splitting.

Direction-of-arrival estimation in radar systems: moving window against approximate maximum likelihood estimator

GRECO, MARIA;GINI, FULVIO;
2009

Abstract

In this study, we compare two radar target direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation algorithms: the classical moving window (MW) estimator, implemented in many real radar systems and the approximate maximum likelihood (AML) estimator. The first technique exploits multiple detections in the same time-on-target and the second one exploits the fact that the radar antenna mechanical scanning impresses an amplitude modulation on the signals backscattered by the target. Performances of the two estimators are numerically investigated through Monte Carlo simulation and compared in terms of root-mean-square-error (RMSE), probability of detection and probability of target splitting, the latter being defined as the probability of detecting more than one target when instead only one is present in the cell under test. Numerical results show that the AML estimator generally outperforms the classical MW estimator, also in terms of robustness to target splitting.
Greco, Maria; Gini, Fulvio; A., Farina; L., Timmoneri
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/201293
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact