We analyzed the role of six common polymorphisms in folate metabolizing genes as possible risk factors for having a child with Down syndrome (DS) in 94 Italian mothers of a DS child (MDS) and 113 matched control mothers, both aged less than 35 years at conception. Investigated polymorphisms includemethylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C > T and 1298A> C,methionine synthase (MTR) 2756A >G,methionine synthase reductase (MTRR) 66A >G, and thymidylate synthase (TYMS) 28 bp repeat and 1494del6. We also measured the amount of chromosome damage in peripheral blood lymphocytes of 42 MDS and 41 matched controls, by means of the micronucleus assay, and searched for association between this cytogenetic endpoint and any of the studied polymorphisms. Micronuclei in peripheral blood lymphocytes have been analyzed several years after conception: the mean age at samplingwas 45.6±11.4 years for MDS and 47.95±6.9 years for controls. The combined MTHFR 677TT/MTR 2756AA genotype was associated with increased DS risk (P = 0.034), and the combined MTHFR 1298AC/TYMS 2R/2R genotype with reduced risk (P = 0.003). Moreover, we observed a significant increased frequency of micronucleated lymphocytes in MDS as compared to controls (P < 0.0001) and, in the total population, a significant correlation between micronucleated cells and both MTHFR 677C>T (P=0.031) and 1298A> C (P=0.047) polymorphisms.

Association of maternal polymorphisms in folate metabolizing genes with chromosome damage and risk of Down syndrome offspring

COPPEDE', FABIO;SICILIANO, GABRIELE;MIGLIORE, LUCIA
2009

Abstract

We analyzed the role of six common polymorphisms in folate metabolizing genes as possible risk factors for having a child with Down syndrome (DS) in 94 Italian mothers of a DS child (MDS) and 113 matched control mothers, both aged less than 35 years at conception. Investigated polymorphisms includemethylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C > T and 1298A> C,methionine synthase (MTR) 2756A >G,methionine synthase reductase (MTRR) 66A >G, and thymidylate synthase (TYMS) 28 bp repeat and 1494del6. We also measured the amount of chromosome damage in peripheral blood lymphocytes of 42 MDS and 41 matched controls, by means of the micronucleus assay, and searched for association between this cytogenetic endpoint and any of the studied polymorphisms. Micronuclei in peripheral blood lymphocytes have been analyzed several years after conception: the mean age at samplingwas 45.6±11.4 years for MDS and 47.95±6.9 years for controls. The combined MTHFR 677TT/MTR 2756AA genotype was associated with increased DS risk (P = 0.034), and the combined MTHFR 1298AC/TYMS 2R/2R genotype with reduced risk (P = 0.003). Moreover, we observed a significant increased frequency of micronucleated lymphocytes in MDS as compared to controls (P < 0.0001) and, in the total population, a significant correlation between micronucleated cells and both MTHFR 677C>T (P=0.031) and 1298A> C (P=0.047) polymorphisms.
Coppede', Fabio; Migheli, F; Bargagna, S; Siciliano, Gabriele; Antonucci, I; Stuppia, L; Palka, G; Migliore, Lucia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/201390
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