BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recently, a small molecule (Q94) was reported to selectively block PAR(1) /Gα(q) interaction and signalling. Here, we describe the pharmacological properties of Q94 and two analogues that share its benzimidazole scaffold (Q109, Q89). Q109 presents a modest variation from Q94 in the substituent group at the 2-position, while Q89 has quite different groups at the 1- and 2-positions. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Using human microvascular endothelial cells, we examined intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate accumulation as well as isoprenaline- or forskolin-stimulated cAMP production in response to thrombin. KEY RESULTS: Q89 (10 µM) produced a leftward shift in the thrombin-mediated intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization concentration-response curve while having no effect on the E(max) . Both Q94 (10 µM) and Q109 (10 µM) reduced intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization, leading to a decrease in E(max) and an increase in EC(50) values. Experiments utilizing receptor-specific activating peptides confirmed that Q94 and Q109 were selective for PAR(1) as they did not alter the Ca(2+) response mediated by a PAR(2) activating peptide. Consistent with our Ca(2+) results, micromolar concentrations of either Q94 or Q109 significantly reduced thrombin-induced inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate production. Neither Q94 nor Q109 diminished the inhibitory effects of thrombin on cAMP production, indicating they inhibit signalling selectively through the G(q) pathway. Our results also suggest the 1,2-disubstituted benzimidazole derivatives act as 'allosteric agonists' of PAR(1) . CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: The Q94 and Q109 benzimidazole derivatives represent a novel scaffold for the development of new PAR(1) inhibitors and provide a starting point to develop dual signalling pathway-selective positive/negative modulators of PAR(1) .
|Autori:||Asteriti S; Daniele S; Porchia F; Dell'anno MT; Fazzini A; Pugliesi I; Trincavelli ML; Taliani S; Martini C; Mazzoni MR; Gilchrist A.|
|Titolo:||Modulation of PAR(1) signaling by benzimidazole compounds|
|Anno del prodotto:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1476-5381.2012.01974.x.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|