The hydrodynamics of an unbaffled vessel stirred by an eccentrically located Rushton turbine is investigated with both Laser Doppler Anemometry and flow visualisation techniques. The flow field is shown to be characterised by a strong circumferential motion which develops itself around two main vortices, one above and one below the impeller, both inclined with respect to the vertical plane. Such vortices are not steady but move periodically very slowly in comparison to the impeller rotational timescale. Accordingly, two low frequency components, whose values are linearly dependent on the impeller rotational speed, are identified across the vessel. The energetic contribution to the turbulent kinetic energy of such flow instabilities is significant so that they should be taken into account when evaluating micro-mixing information from turbulence quantities. Besides, an additional low frequency component is observed and related to vortex shedding phenomena from the flow-shaft interaction which occur in eccentric agitation operation. The flow discharged from the impeller is also measured and discussed.

On the main flow features and instabilities in an unbaffled vessel agitated with an eccentrically located impeller

GALLETTI, CHIARA;BRUNAZZI, ELISABETTA
2008

Abstract

The hydrodynamics of an unbaffled vessel stirred by an eccentrically located Rushton turbine is investigated with both Laser Doppler Anemometry and flow visualisation techniques. The flow field is shown to be characterised by a strong circumferential motion which develops itself around two main vortices, one above and one below the impeller, both inclined with respect to the vertical plane. Such vortices are not steady but move periodically very slowly in comparison to the impeller rotational timescale. Accordingly, two low frequency components, whose values are linearly dependent on the impeller rotational speed, are identified across the vessel. The energetic contribution to the turbulent kinetic energy of such flow instabilities is significant so that they should be taken into account when evaluating micro-mixing information from turbulence quantities. Besides, an additional low frequency component is observed and related to vortex shedding phenomena from the flow-shaft interaction which occur in eccentric agitation operation. The flow discharged from the impeller is also measured and discussed.
Galletti, Chiara; Brunazzi, Elisabetta
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/203175
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