Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative disorders characterized by progressive and profound loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra (SN) resulting in resting tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia, and postural instability. The primary cause of the disease is still unknown, but mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress have been implicated in the neurodegenerative process. Oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (OGG1) removes oxidized guanine (8-oxo-G) from the DNA, thus reducing the mutagenic potential of this modified base. Increased 8-oxo-G levels and up-regulation of OGG1 have been detected in the SN of PD brains. Moreover, studies performed in OGG1 knockout mice revealed the importance of this enzyme in protecting dopaminergic neurons against the accumulation of oxidative DNA damage. A common Ser326Cys polymorphism is known in the human gene encoding OGG1 (hOGG1), and the mutant Cys326 variant has been associated with reduced glycosylase activity. In the present study we screened 139 sporadic PD patients and 211 healthy matched controls for the presence of the hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism. The Cys326 allele frequency was similar between the groups (0.20 in PD patients and 0.19 in controls; p=0.817), and no difference in genotype frequencies was observed. Moreover, the hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism was not associated with disease age at onset (p=0.791). Overall, present results suggest that the hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism is not associated with sporadic PD.
|Autori:||Coppedè F; Ceravolo R; Migheli F; Fanucchi F; Frosini D; Siciliano G; Bonuccelli U; Migliore L.|
|Titolo:||The hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism is not associated with sporadic Parkinson's disease|
|Anno del prodotto:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|