BACKGROUND: Circulating antipituitary antibodies (APA) are markers of autoimmune hypophysitis, which may cause deficient pituitary function. The prevalence of APA in autoimmune thyroid disorders (AITD) is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were 1) to evaluate APA prevalence in a large series of patients with AITD and non-AITD and 2) to investigate the functional significance of APA by assessing pituitary function in APA-positive patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: We conducted a health survey on consecutive AITD and non-AITD patients at a tertiary referral center (Department of Endocrinology, Pisa). PATIENTS: Subjects, including 1290 consecutive patients with thyroid disorders (961 AITD and 329 non-AITD) and 135 controls, were enrolled in the study. METHODS: APA (indirect immunofluorescence), free T(4), free T(3), TSH, and organ-specific autoantibodies were assayed in all patients. Functional pituitary evaluation was performed in most APA-positive patients. RESULTS: APA frequency was higher in AITD (11.4%) than in non-AITD (0.9%; P < 0.0001) patients; all control subjects had negative APA tests. APA were more frequently found in Hashimoto's thyroiditis (13%) than in Graves' disease (7.1%; P = 0.05). Of 110 APA-positive AITD patients, 20 (18.2%) had autoimmune polyglandular syndrome, whereas 90 (81.8%) had apparently isolated AITD. APA positivity increased percentage of autoimmune polyglandular syndrome in our series from 10.4 to 13.5%. Of 110 APA-positive patients, 102 were submitted to dynamic testing for functional pituitary assessment; 36 patients (35.2%) had mild or severe GH deficiency (GHD). No additional

Prevalence and functional significance of antipituitary antibodies in patients with autoimmune and non- autoimmune thyroid diseases

COSOTTINI, MIRCO;GRASSO, LUCIA;BOGAZZI, FAUSTO;MARTINO, ENIO
2007

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Circulating antipituitary antibodies (APA) are markers of autoimmune hypophysitis, which may cause deficient pituitary function. The prevalence of APA in autoimmune thyroid disorders (AITD) is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were 1) to evaluate APA prevalence in a large series of patients with AITD and non-AITD and 2) to investigate the functional significance of APA by assessing pituitary function in APA-positive patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: We conducted a health survey on consecutive AITD and non-AITD patients at a tertiary referral center (Department of Endocrinology, Pisa). PATIENTS: Subjects, including 1290 consecutive patients with thyroid disorders (961 AITD and 329 non-AITD) and 135 controls, were enrolled in the study. METHODS: APA (indirect immunofluorescence), free T(4), free T(3), TSH, and organ-specific autoantibodies were assayed in all patients. Functional pituitary evaluation was performed in most APA-positive patients. RESULTS: APA frequency was higher in AITD (11.4%) than in non-AITD (0.9%; P < 0.0001) patients; all control subjects had negative APA tests. APA were more frequently found in Hashimoto's thyroiditis (13%) than in Graves' disease (7.1%; P = 0.05). Of 110 APA-positive AITD patients, 20 (18.2%) had autoimmune polyglandular syndrome, whereas 90 (81.8%) had apparently isolated AITD. APA positivity increased percentage of autoimmune polyglandular syndrome in our series from 10.4 to 13.5%. Of 110 APA-positive patients, 102 were submitted to dynamic testing for functional pituitary assessment; 36 patients (35.2%) had mild or severe GH deficiency (GHD). No additional
Manetti, L; Lupi, I; MORSELLI L., L; Albertini, S; Cosottini, Mirco; Grasso, Lucia; Genovesi, M; Pinna, G; Mariotti, S; Bogazzi, Fausto; Bartalena, L; Martino, Enio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/203701
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