Cancer incidence and mortality were reviewed in patients (683) who, during the period 1969-1988, had been attending the Cardiological Center of Pisa University for more than 1 year for valvular (494), ischemic (183), or myocardial (6) disease. Oral anticoagulant therapy (tromexan, acenocoumarol or warfarin) was administered to 312 of these 693 patients and regulated to prolong prothrombin time to a value between 20% and 40% of normal controls. The duration of treatment ranged from 1 to 14 years, with a mean of 4 years. As clinical and radiological controls were performed on all the patients at regular intervals (2-12 months), cancer incidence and mortality were recorded. Cancer incidence and mortality in the 312 patients treated with anticoagulants were compared with that of the 381 patients who did not receive this therapy. Furthermore, cancer mortality in the patients on anticoagulants was compared to that expected on the basis of national tumor registry rates. The age of the patients varied from 20 or under to 80 or over in both groups. The total observation period was 1415 patient-years (555 for males and 860 for females) in the former and 1617 patient-years (735 males and 882 females) in the latter. The proportion of the patient-years of the men over 45 (with the highest risk of cancer mortality) was higher in the group treated with anticoagulants (83%) than in the controls (72%) (p < .001). The proportion of the patient-years of the women over 45 was also higher in the former (84% vs 62%; p < .001). Six cancers were observed in the patients treated with oral anticoagulants (3 men, 3 women), while 12 cancers occurred in the control group (9 men, 3 women). There were 3 deaths in the former (1 man, 2 women) and 6 in the latter (5 men, 1 woman). On the basis of the national tumor registry rates, deaths expected in men and women on oral anticoagulants were 3 and 2. These data are compatible with the hypothesis that oral anticoagulants might reduce cancer incidence and mortality in humans.
|Autori:||CARPI A; SAGRIPANTI A.; PODDIGHE R.; GHERARDUCCI G.; NICOLINI A.|
|Titolo:||Cancer incidence and mortality in patients with heart disease: effects of oral anticoagulant therapy|
|Anno del prodotto:||1995|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|