The relationships between leaf nitrogen concentration, chlorophyll concentration, reflectance (R), absorptance (A) and transmittance (T) in a spectral band ranging from 400 to 1100 nm were studied on maize leaves growing at two different positions on the stem. Leaves were taken from field-grown plants fertilized with three levels of nitrogen at two different stages. Spectral R and T of leaves were determined in vivo using a hand-held spectroradiometer con- nected to an external integrating sphere. A was computed as: A =100- (R + T). Significant curvilinear relationships were observed between maize leaf spectral properties and leaf chlorophyll and nitrogen concentrations. According to the model utilized, of the type : Y = W * [1 ± B * e(-kx), progressive increase in chlorophyll and/or nitrogen concentration led to progressive decrease in R and T and progressive increase in A. Variations in A and T were analogous in every spectral band within the PAR but the 520-600 nm wave band showed a consistently higher variability and threshold value than the 450-520 nm or 630-690 nm bands. The data show that the N and chlorophyll contents of field-grown maize leaves can be quickly estimated from measurements of A and T, but not of R, especially when the contents of these constituents are medium to high. The 520-600 nm wave band gave a better estimate of N and chlorophyll concentrations than the other two bands.
|Autori:||Ercoli L; Mariotti M; Masoni A; Massantini F|
|Titolo:||Relationship between nitrogen and chlorophill content and spectral properties in corn leaves|
|Anno del prodotto:||1993|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|