The rheological behavior of two flexible thermoplastics, Nylon-6 (Ny) and bisphenol-A polysulfone (PSu), and two wholly aromatic liquid crystalline polymers, Vectra-A900 (VA) and Vectra-B950 (VB), as well as that of Ny/VB and PSu/VA blends with 10% LCP, has been investigated by the use of capillary viscometers equipped with cylindrical dies having different length-to-diameter ratios. The elongational viscosity of all materials was calculated, from the results of isothermal measurements carried out at 290 degrees C, by means of the Cogswell's analysis, based on the estimation of the pressure drop due to the converging flow at the die inlet. The behavior in elongational flow was compared with the rheological behavior in shear flow conditions. It was found that the elongational viscosities of VA and VB are very large and account for a fairly marked pressure drop at the die entrance, due to the orientation of the LCP domains taking place in the converging flow zone. For these materials, the ratio of the elongational viscosity to the Newtonian shear viscosity is up to two orders of magnitude higher than the value expected on the basis of the Trouton rule. For the flexible resins, the Trouton ratio is 3 and ca. 3-10, are common values for high molar mass linear polymers. The addition of 10% LCP into the flexible resins strongly increases their elongational viscosity and makes the blends resemble neat LCPs in their extensional flow behavior. In shear flow, on the contrary, the addition of LCP was shown to induce a marked reduction of the melt viscosity, even when, as for the Ny/VB blend, the LCP is more viscous than the matrix.

Isothermal Elongational Behavior of Liquid Crystalline Polymers and LCPs Based Blends

PACI, MASSIMO;MAGAGNINI, PIER LUIGI
1997

Abstract

The rheological behavior of two flexible thermoplastics, Nylon-6 (Ny) and bisphenol-A polysulfone (PSu), and two wholly aromatic liquid crystalline polymers, Vectra-A900 (VA) and Vectra-B950 (VB), as well as that of Ny/VB and PSu/VA blends with 10% LCP, has been investigated by the use of capillary viscometers equipped with cylindrical dies having different length-to-diameter ratios. The elongational viscosity of all materials was calculated, from the results of isothermal measurements carried out at 290 degrees C, by means of the Cogswell's analysis, based on the estimation of the pressure drop due to the converging flow at the die inlet. The behavior in elongational flow was compared with the rheological behavior in shear flow conditions. It was found that the elongational viscosities of VA and VB are very large and account for a fairly marked pressure drop at the die entrance, due to the orientation of the LCP domains taking place in the converging flow zone. For these materials, the ratio of the elongational viscosity to the Newtonian shear viscosity is up to two orders of magnitude higher than the value expected on the basis of the Trouton rule. For the flexible resins, the Trouton ratio is 3 and ca. 3-10, are common values for high molar mass linear polymers. The addition of 10% LCP into the flexible resins strongly increases their elongational viscosity and makes the blends resemble neat LCPs in their extensional flow behavior. In shear flow, on the contrary, the addition of LCP was shown to induce a marked reduction of the melt viscosity, even when, as for the Ny/VB blend, the LCP is more viscous than the matrix.
F. P., LA MANTIA; Paci, Massimo; Magagnini, PIER LUIGI
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/204268
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