On reaction with the labile naphthalene complex [Ru(£b6-C10H8)(£b4-1,5-COD)], hex-3-yne undergoes stoichiometric cyclotrimerisation to form the hexaethylbenzene¡Vruthenium(Ça) complex [Ru(£b6-C6Et6)(£b4-1,5-COD)] 1. In the solid state and in solution the ethyl groups adopt a 1,4-proximal-2,3,5,6-distal arrangement, as shown by X-ray crystallography and NMR (1H, 13C-{1H}) spectroscopy. Treatment of 1 with HCl gives the binuclear ruthenium(ǼǼ) complex [{RuCl(£b6-C6Et6)}2(£g-Cl)2] 2, whose arene ligands adopt a transoid arrangement about the Ru2Cl2 moiety; in turn 2 reacts with methanolic NH4PF6 to give the salt [Ru2(£g-Cl)3(£b6-C6Et6)2]PF6, [3]PF6. The ethyl group conformations in crystalline 2 and [3]PF6 are all-distal and 1,3,5-proximal-2,4,6-distal, respectively, whereas only the latter conformation is present in both compounds in dichloromethane or methanol solutions at low temperature according to 13C-{1H} NMR spectroscopy. The £h(Ru¡VCl) band patterns in the IR spectra of 2 in the solid state and dichloromethane solution are almost identical, indicating that the neutral di-£g-chloro species predominates in solution at room temperature. However, the appearance at 50 C of a resonance due to free chloride ion in the 35Cl NMR spectrum of complex 2 suggests that reversible formation of [3]Cl may be favoured at low temperature. Dilute (ca. 103 M) solutions of 2 in dichloromethane and methanol behave as 1 : 1 electrolytes consistent with the presence of [3]Cl under these conditions. At room temperature the ethyl groups of £b6-C6Et6 in 1, 2 and [3]PF6 are equivalent on the NMR time-scale as a consequence of rotation about the arene¡Vmethylene bond and, possibly, rotation of the arene about the arene¡Vmetal bond. In the crystalline adducts [RuCl2(£b6-C6Et6)(L)] (L = PMe3 4, PPh3 5) the ethyl groups are all distal and remain equivalent on the NMR time-scale in solution from room temperature to 97 C. The results confirm conclusions, based primarily on studies of Group 6 carbonyl complexes, that the different conformations of £b6-C6Et6 have very similar energies.

Synthesis, structures and dynamic NMR spectra of h6-hexaethylbenzene complexes of ruthenium(0) and ruthenium(II)

UCCELLO BARRETTA, GLORIA;MARCHETTI, FABIO;SALVADORI, PIERO
2002

Abstract

On reaction with the labile naphthalene complex [Ru(£b6-C10H8)(£b4-1,5-COD)], hex-3-yne undergoes stoichiometric cyclotrimerisation to form the hexaethylbenzene¡Vruthenium(Ça) complex [Ru(£b6-C6Et6)(£b4-1,5-COD)] 1. In the solid state and in solution the ethyl groups adopt a 1,4-proximal-2,3,5,6-distal arrangement, as shown by X-ray crystallography and NMR (1H, 13C-{1H}) spectroscopy. Treatment of 1 with HCl gives the binuclear ruthenium(ǼǼ) complex [{RuCl(£b6-C6Et6)}2(£g-Cl)2] 2, whose arene ligands adopt a transoid arrangement about the Ru2Cl2 moiety; in turn 2 reacts with methanolic NH4PF6 to give the salt [Ru2(£g-Cl)3(£b6-C6Et6)2]PF6, [3]PF6. The ethyl group conformations in crystalline 2 and [3]PF6 are all-distal and 1,3,5-proximal-2,4,6-distal, respectively, whereas only the latter conformation is present in both compounds in dichloromethane or methanol solutions at low temperature according to 13C-{1H} NMR spectroscopy. The £h(Ru¡VCl) band patterns in the IR spectra of 2 in the solid state and dichloromethane solution are almost identical, indicating that the neutral di-£g-chloro species predominates in solution at room temperature. However, the appearance at 50 C of a resonance due to free chloride ion in the 35Cl NMR spectrum of complex 2 suggests that reversible formation of [3]Cl may be favoured at low temperature. Dilute (ca. 103 M) solutions of 2 in dichloromethane and methanol behave as 1 : 1 electrolytes consistent with the presence of [3]Cl under these conditions. At room temperature the ethyl groups of £b6-C6Et6 in 1, 2 and [3]PF6 are equivalent on the NMR time-scale as a consequence of rotation about the arene¡Vmethylene bond and, possibly, rotation of the arene about the arene¡Vmetal bond. In the crystalline adducts [RuCl2(£b6-C6Et6)(L)] (L = PMe3 4, PPh3 5) the ethyl groups are all distal and remain equivalent on the NMR time-scale in solution from room temperature to 97 C. The results confirm conclusions, based primarily on studies of Group 6 carbonyl complexes, that the different conformations of £b6-C6Et6 have very similar energies.
Baldwin, R.; Bennett, M. A.; Hockless, D. C. R.; Pertici, P.; Verrazzani, A.; UCCELLO BARRETTA, Gloria; Marchetti, Fabio; Salvadori, Piero
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/204841
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