The highly repetitive Rana/Pol III family consists of short, tandemly arrayed sequences, scattered throughout the genomes of Palearctic green water frogs. The repeat unit is about 250 bp in length and is a composite element: it contains a SINE-like retroposon with a tRNA structure, flanked by two short direct repeats, and the occurrence of two internal repeats gives evidence that an additional transposition event may have inserted a segment within the already transposed element. Rana/Pol III family is present in the genomes of Rana lessonae, R. ridibunda, and their hybrid form R. esculenta, as well as in R. shqiperica. R. epeirotica, R. cretensis, and the Italian taxon. These sequences are also present in the Iberian R. perezi, although less abundant, but appear to be lacking in the north African species R. saharica. The distribution of Rana/Pol III in the genomes of Palearctic green frogs is in agreement with the phyletic history based on genetic data. The evolutionary pattern proposed for the genus Rana enables us to suppose that the hybridogenetic mechanism is one of the factors accounting for the possible horizontal transfer of Rana/Pol III elements from the central-north Europe species to R. perezi.

Rana/Pol III: a family of SINE-like sequences in the genomes of western Palearctic water frogs

BUCCI, STEFANIA;RAGGHIANTI, MATILDE;PETRONI, GIULIO;
1999

Abstract

The highly repetitive Rana/Pol III family consists of short, tandemly arrayed sequences, scattered throughout the genomes of Palearctic green water frogs. The repeat unit is about 250 bp in length and is a composite element: it contains a SINE-like retroposon with a tRNA structure, flanked by two short direct repeats, and the occurrence of two internal repeats gives evidence that an additional transposition event may have inserted a segment within the already transposed element. Rana/Pol III family is present in the genomes of Rana lessonae, R. ridibunda, and their hybrid form R. esculenta, as well as in R. shqiperica. R. epeirotica, R. cretensis, and the Italian taxon. These sequences are also present in the Iberian R. perezi, although less abundant, but appear to be lacking in the north African species R. saharica. The distribution of Rana/Pol III in the genomes of Palearctic green frogs is in agreement with the phyletic history based on genetic data. The evolutionary pattern proposed for the genus Rana enables us to suppose that the hybridogenetic mechanism is one of the factors accounting for the possible horizontal transfer of Rana/Pol III elements from the central-north Europe species to R. perezi.
Bucci, Stefania; Ragghianti, Matilde; Mancino, G.; Petroni, Giulio; Guerrini, F:; Giampaoli, S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/205050
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