For a given branched covering between closed connected surfaces, there are several easy relations one can establish between the Euler characteristics of the surfaces, their orientability, the total degree, and the local degrees at the branching points, including the classical Riemann-Hurwitz formula. These necessary relations have been khown to be also sufficient for the existence of the covering except when the base surface is the sphere (and when it is the projective plane, but this case reduces to the case of the sphere). If the base surface is the sphere, many exceptions are known to occur and the problem is widely open. Generalizing methods of Baranski, we prove in this paper that the necessary relations are actually sufficient in a specific but rather interesting situation. Namely under the assumption that the base surface is the sphere, that there are three branching points, that one of these branching points has only two preimages with one being a double point, and either that the covering surface is the sphere and that the degree is odd, or that the covering surface has genus at least one, with a single specific exception. For the case of the covering surface the sphere we also show that for each even degree there are precisely two exceptions.

### On the existence of branched coverings between surfaces with prescribed branch data, II

#### Abstract

For a given branched covering between closed connected surfaces, there are several easy relations one can establish between the Euler characteristics of the surfaces, their orientability, the total degree, and the local degrees at the branching points, including the classical Riemann-Hurwitz formula. These necessary relations have been khown to be also sufficient for the existence of the covering except when the base surface is the sphere (and when it is the projective plane, but this case reduces to the case of the sphere). If the base surface is the sphere, many exceptions are known to occur and the problem is widely open. Generalizing methods of Baranski, we prove in this paper that the necessary relations are actually sufficient in a specific but rather interesting situation. Namely under the assumption that the base surface is the sphere, that there are three branching points, that one of these branching points has only two preimages with one being a double point, and either that the covering surface is the sphere and that the degree is odd, or that the covering surface has genus at least one, with a single specific exception. For the case of the covering surface the sphere we also show that for each even degree there are precisely two exceptions.
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2008
Pervova, Ekaterina; Petronio, Carlo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/205511
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