A newly designed calorimetric technique and calculation procedure have been used to obtain partial molar enthalpies, Hi, and excess enthalpies, HE, for binary mixture of hexane + perfluoro-n-alkanes (C5–C8) and perfluorohexane + n-alkanes (C5–C8), + cyclohexane, and + 2-methylheptane. All mixtures are endothermic, and the heat effects increase with the size of the second component. The HE and Hi values found are the largest ever observed for mixtures of non-polar compounds. An estimate of the excess heat capacity for (perfluorohexane + 2-methylheptane) has been obtained from Hi at two different temperatures. From Hi at infinite dilution and from the known enthalpies of vaporization, the enthalpies of solvation, DsolvH, have been evaluated either for alkanes and perfluoroalkanes in both hexane and perfluorohexane solvent. Solute–solvent interactions have been examined by describing the DsolvH with an additive scheme of surface interactions and by applying the Scaled Particle Theory. The effects of chain lengthening, branching, and cyclization have been discussed. Perfluoroalkanes proved to be inert molecules that interact weakly with themselves as well as with alkanes.
|Autori:||DUCE C; TINE' M; LEPORI L; MATTEOLI E|
|Titolo:||Thermodynamic study of (perfluoroalkane plus alkane) mixtures: Excess and solvation enthalpies|
|Anno del prodotto:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jct.2007.04.002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|