BACKGROUND: The preferential use of tacrolimus (Prograf) over cyclosporine microemulsion (Neoral) in simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKTx) is mainly based on historical, retrospective studies. We herein report the 3-year results of a single-center, prospective, randomized comparison of the two calcineurin inhibitors in the setting of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)-based immunosuppression and portal drainage of pancreas allografts. METHODS: Between May 2001 and August 2004, 47 SPKTx recipients who were stratified by recipient sex, were alternatively assigned to treatment with Neoral (n = 22) or Prograf (n = 25). Concurrent immunosuppression included induction treatment with basiliximab and maintenance with MMF and steroids. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 24.0 months, all patients remained in the study arm into which they were initially enrolled. No pancreas rejection episode was observed. One acute kidney rejection was recorded in the Neoral arm (4.5%) as compared with 7 (28.0%) including one steroid-resistant episode, in the Prograf arm (P = .03). The cumulative incidence of adverse events was 31.8% (n = 7) in the Neoral arm compared with 92.0% (n = 23) in the Prograf arm (P < .0001). One patient died in each study arm. Patient, pancreas, and kidney survivals overlapped at 1- and 3-years posttransplant, namely all 95.4% for the Neoral arm compared with 95.8%, 91.8%, and 95.8%, respectively, for the Prograf arm (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that in MMF-based immunosuppression there is no convincing evidence that Prograf should be preferred to Neoral in SPKTx.

Neoral versus prograf in simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation with portal venous drainage: three-year results of a single-center, open-label, prospective, randomized pilot study

Boggi U;Vistoli F;Coppelli A;Rizzo G;Marchetti P;Mosca F
2005

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The preferential use of tacrolimus (Prograf) over cyclosporine microemulsion (Neoral) in simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKTx) is mainly based on historical, retrospective studies. We herein report the 3-year results of a single-center, prospective, randomized comparison of the two calcineurin inhibitors in the setting of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)-based immunosuppression and portal drainage of pancreas allografts. METHODS: Between May 2001 and August 2004, 47 SPKTx recipients who were stratified by recipient sex, were alternatively assigned to treatment with Neoral (n = 22) or Prograf (n = 25). Concurrent immunosuppression included induction treatment with basiliximab and maintenance with MMF and steroids. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 24.0 months, all patients remained in the study arm into which they were initially enrolled. No pancreas rejection episode was observed. One acute kidney rejection was recorded in the Neoral arm (4.5%) as compared with 7 (28.0%) including one steroid-resistant episode, in the Prograf arm (P = .03). The cumulative incidence of adverse events was 31.8% (n = 7) in the Neoral arm compared with 92.0% (n = 23) in the Prograf arm (P < .0001). One patient died in each study arm. Patient, pancreas, and kidney survivals overlapped at 1- and 3-years posttransplant, namely all 95.4% for the Neoral arm compared with 95.8%, 91.8%, and 95.8%, respectively, for the Prograf arm (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that in MMF-based immunosuppression there is no convincing evidence that Prograf should be preferred to Neoral in SPKTx.
Boggi, U; Vistoli, F; Del Chiaro, M; Signori, S; Amorese, G; Vanadia Bartolo, T; Sgambelluri, F; Barsotti, M; Tregnaghi, C; Paleologo, G; Coppelli, A; Giannarelli, R; Rizzo, G; Marchetti, P; Mosca, F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/206285
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