A number of N6-(N-arylcarbamoyl)-2-substituted-9-benzyl-8-azaadenines, obtained by a modification of the synthetic scheme used to prepare selective A1 ligands, by only three or two steps, are described. At first we prepared a series of 2-phenyl-9-benzyl-8-azaadenines having as N6 substituent a variously substituted N-phenylcarbamoyl group. Some of these derivatives demonstrated good affinity towards the A3 subtype but low selectivity. Compounds having p-CF3, p-F and p-OCH3, as substituents on the phenylcarbamoyl group were selected as lead compounds for the second part of this study. Without modifying the N6 substituent, which would assure A3 affinity, we varied the 9 and 2 positions on these molecules to enhance selectivity. Some compounds having a p-methyl group on the 2-phenyl substituent showed a very good affinity and selectivity for the A3 subtype, revealing the first class of A3 adenosine receptor selective antagonists with a bicyclic structure strictly correlated to the adenine nucleus. The molecular modelling work, carried out using the DOCK program, supplied two models which may be useful for a better understanding of the binding modes. Both models highlighted the preferred interacting tautomeric forms of the antagonists for human A1 and A3 receptors.

2,9-Disubstituted-N6-(arylcarbamoyl)-8-azaadenines as new selective A3 adenosine receptor antagonists: Synthesis, biochemical and molecular modelling studies

BIANUCCI, ANNA MARIA PAOLA;COI, ALESSIO;COSTA, BARBARA;GIORGI, IRENE;LIVI, ORESTE;
2005

Abstract

A number of N6-(N-arylcarbamoyl)-2-substituted-9-benzyl-8-azaadenines, obtained by a modification of the synthetic scheme used to prepare selective A1 ligands, by only three or two steps, are described. At first we prepared a series of 2-phenyl-9-benzyl-8-azaadenines having as N6 substituent a variously substituted N-phenylcarbamoyl group. Some of these derivatives demonstrated good affinity towards the A3 subtype but low selectivity. Compounds having p-CF3, p-F and p-OCH3, as substituents on the phenylcarbamoyl group were selected as lead compounds for the second part of this study. Without modifying the N6 substituent, which would assure A3 affinity, we varied the 9 and 2 positions on these molecules to enhance selectivity. Some compounds having a p-methyl group on the 2-phenyl substituent showed a very good affinity and selectivity for the A3 subtype, revealing the first class of A3 adenosine receptor selective antagonists with a bicyclic structure strictly correlated to the adenine nucleus. The molecular modelling work, carried out using the DOCK program, supplied two models which may be useful for a better understanding of the binding modes. Both models highlighted the preferred interacting tautomeric forms of the antagonists for human A1 and A3 receptors.
G., Biagi; Bianucci, ANNA MARIA PAOLA; Coi, Alessio; Costa, Barbara; L., Fabbrini; Giorgi, Irene; Livi, Oreste; I., Micco; F., Pacchini; E., Santini; M., Leonardi; F., AHMAD NOFAL; O., LEROY SALERNI; V., Scartoni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/206370
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